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Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive, degenerative disease that involves the central and peripheral nervous systems and the heart. A gene, X25, was identified in the critical region for the FRDA locus on chromosome 9q13. This gene encodes a 210-amino acid protein, frataxin, that has homologs in distant species such as Caenorhabditis elegans(More)
Twenty two patients from 17 families with Friedreich's disease phenotype but with onset ranging from the ages of 21 to 36 are described. Comparison with "typical" Friedreich's disease with onset before 20 years of age showed only a lower occurrence of skeletal deformities. The peripheral and central neurophysiological findings, sural nerve biopsy, and the(More)
A form of autosomal recessive spastic ataxia (ARSACS) has been described in the Charlevoix and Saguenay regions of Quebec. So far a frameshift and a nonsense mutation have been identified in the SACS gene. The authors report a new mutation (1859insC), leading to a frameshift with a premature termination of the gene product sacsin, in two sisters from(More)
The most common causative mutation of Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the unstable hyperexpansion of an intronic GAA triplet repeat that impairs frataxin transcription. Using real time quantitative PCR, we showed that FRDA patients had residual levels of frataxin mRNA ranging between 13% and 30% and that FRDA carriers had about 40% of that of controls.(More)
We describe three siblings from an Italian family affected by an autosomal recessive spinocerebellar degeneration. Gait ataxia, presenting between 38 and 45 years, was the first symptom in all three patients. Dysarthria, dysmetria, brisk tendon reflexes, extensor plantar response, and scoliosis were constant features. Disease progression was slow.(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify if GAA expansion size in Friedreich's ataxia could account for the severity of sensory neuropathy. METHODS Retrospective study of 56 patients with Friedreich's ataxia selected according to homozygosity for GAA expansion and availability of electrophysiological findings. Orthodromic sensory conduction velocity in the median nerve was(More)
We describe two sisters with early onset gait ataxia, rapid disease progression, absent or very mild dysarthria and upper limb dysmetria, retained knee jerks in one, slight to moderate peripheral nerve involvement, and diabetes. Molecular analysis showed that they are compound heterozygotes for GAA expansion and a novel exon 5a missense mutation (R165P).(More)
We studied the factors that might influence onset age in Friedreich's ataxia in 41 cases (20 male, 21 female) homozygous for GAA expansion on the first intron of X25 gene. Patients came from 18 multiplex families (13 couples, 5 triplets). Mean age (SD) was 18.1 (8.9) years and did not differ by gender. Onset age and the sizes of the smaller (GAA1) and the(More)
Four cases of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) were collected from among 688 glioma patients who underwent operation at the Institute of Neurosurgery, University of Naples "Federico II" between January 1973 and December 1994. Three were females and one male, ranging in age from 10 months to 65 years. Three tumors were superficial in location, appearing(More)