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Establishment and maintenance of proper architecture is essential for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) function. Homotypic membrane fusion is required for ER biogenesis and maintenance, and has been shown to depend on GTP hydrolysis. Here we demonstrate that Drosophila Atlastin--the fly homologue of the mammalian GTPase atlastin 1 involved in hereditary spastic(More)
Complicated hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are a heterogeneous group of HSP characterized by spasticity associated with a variable combination of neurologic and extra-neurologic signs and symptoms. Among them, HSP with thin corpus callosum and intellectual disability is a frequent subtype, often inherited as a recessive trait (ARHSP-TCC). Within this(More)
Despite much evidence of cognitive and affective disorders in Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), the nature of mental status in FRDA has received little systematic attention. It has been proposed that the cerebellum may interfere indirectly with cognition through the cerebello-cortical loops, whereas the role of pathological changes in different areas of the(More)
We studied carnitine uptake in human skeletal muscle growing in culture for up to 30 days, and correlated it to the degree of muscle differentiation revealed by myotube formation and muscle-specific creatine-kinase isozyme accumulation. In our study carnitine uptake was a saturable specific process with two distinct components: a high affinity uptake at(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON), the most frequent mitochondrial disorder, is mostly due to three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations in respiratory chain complex I subunit genes: 3460/ND1, 11778/ND4 and 14484/ND6. Despite considerable clinical evidences, a genetic modifying role of the mtDNA haplogroup background in the clinical expression of(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is associated with mitochondrial DNA point mutations affecting different subunits of complex I. By replacing glucose with galactose in the medium, cybrids harboring each of the three LHON pathogenic mutations (11778/ND4, 3460/ND1, 14484/ND6) suffered a profound ATP depletion over a few hours and underwent apoptotic(More)
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-ICF addresses the broad need for a common language and classification of functioning and disability. A parallel need is appropriate measures compatible with the content of the ICF to document the nature and impact of limitations of function, activities and participation. The interaction(More)
Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited form of retinal ganglion cell degeneration leading to optic atrophy which is caused by point mutations in the mitochondrial genome (mtDNA). Three pathogenic mutations (positions 11778/ND4, 3460/ND1 and 14484/ND6) account for the majority of LHON cases and they affect genes that encode for(More)
To assess the association between sociodemographic factors and factors related to number and type of comorbidities, and presence of severe disability in a population of adults applying for disability certification. Data have been collected using a protocol based on the ICF Classification. Hierarchical logistic regression was performed to assess the(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are a group of neurodegenerative diseases characterized by progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Dominant mutations in the human SPG4 gene, encoding spastin, are responsible for the most frequent form of HSP. Spastin is an ATPase that binds microtubules and localizes to the spindle pole and distal axon(More)