Andrea Maria Mess

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Analysis of molecular data sets has provided new insights into higher-level relationships of living Eutheria, including the recognition of Afrotheria as a novel taxon. This offers an opportunity to take a fresh look at the evolution of organ systems, including some that are little used in traditional systematics. In the present study, we attempted a(More)
The aim of this paper is to reconstruct the evolution of chorioallantoic placental characters in Rodentia. The analysis is based on pre-existing hypotheses of rodent relationships and the tracing of character evolution. Data on 64 rodent species of 49 genera are derived from the literature. New results refer to the hystricognath species Petromus typicus A.(More)
We review aspects of fetal membrane evolution and patterns of placentation within amniotes, the most successful land vertebrates. Special reference is given to embryonic gas supply. The evolution of fetal membranes is a prerequisite for reproduction independent from aquatic environments. Starting from a basically similar repertoire of fetal membranes - the(More)
The guinea pig and its relatives are promising candidates as animal models for studying trophoblast invasion. The origin, migration routes and kinetics of invasive trophoblast cells were examined in two caviomorph species. Histology and immunohistochemistry were done on placentas from 38 guinea pigs of days 20-47 and 13 degus of days 25-51 of gestation.(More)
The chorioallantoic placenta is an organ of gaseous exchange that exhibits a high degree of structural diversity. One factor determining oxygen transfer across the placenta, the diffusion distance, is in part dependent on the number of cell layers separating maternal from fetal blood. This interhaemal barrier occurs in three principal variants. The focus of(More)
BACKGROUND Placentas of guinea pig-related rodents are appropriate animal models for human placentation because of their striking similarities to those of humans. To optimize the pool of potential models in this context, it is essential to identify the occurrence of characters in close relatives. METHODS In this study we first analyzed chorioallantoic(More)
We analysed the evolution of placental traits in the novel mammalian clade Cetartiodactyla (Cetaceans and Artiodactyls) by a parsimony-based computer program (MacClade). A diffuse epitheliochorial placenta was identified as the stem species pattern of this clade. Trophoblast giant cells (TGCs) independently evolved in Camelids and Ruminants. The(More)