Andrea Magni

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Five hundred and thirty-nine patients with carcinoma of the breast treated with total axillary dissection and with positive axillary nodes were evaluated. The total number of lymph nodes removed was 11,082, with an average of 20.5 nodes per patient. The average number of lymph nodes at the first level was 13.8, at the second level 4.5, at the third level(More)
PURPOSE Monitoring of fenretinide (4HPR) levels, kinetics, and effects on retinal was performed in patients who participated in a phase I trial and who continued to be treated for 5 years as phase III trial patients. Accumulation of 4HPR in the breast was also assessed. PATIENTS AND METHODS Plasma concentrations of 4HPR, of its main metabolite(More)
Fenretinide (HPR) is a synthetic retinoid which has been shown to cause a reduction in the incidence of carcinogen-induced epithelial tumors in experimental animals, and it has been chosen to be tested as a chemopreventive agent in humans. A study on plasma concentrations of HPR, of its metabolite N-(4-methoxyphenyl)retinamide (MPR), and on its effects on(More)
The authors report on 83 cases of intrathoracic metastases (ITM) observed as isolated first recurrences in a ten-year experience of periodic chest x-ray (CXR) survey of primary breast cancer. In 44 of 83 cases ITM were detected on CXR in absence of subjective symptoms or clinical signs (A) whereas 39 ITM cases were detected as subjectively (S) symptomatic(More)
Background: Fenretinide, a vitamin A analogue, has been shown to inhibit breast carcinogenesis in preclinical studies. We determined the efficacy of fenretinide in preventing a second breast malignancy in women with breast cancer. Methods: We randomly assigned 2972 women, aged 30–70 years, with surgically removed stage I breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in(More)
Fenretinide, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (HPR), is a synthetic retinoid which has been proven effective in inducing cell differentiation and in inhibiting carcinogen induced mammary tumors in rodents. Because of its efficacy and low toxicity in animals, HPR has been proposed for chemopreventive evaluation in humans. Thus, a randomized trial has been(More)
The authors report on 182 cases of intrathoracic metastases (ITM = lung, pleura or mediastinum) observed as first single recurrences in the course of the follow-up of patients treated for primary breast cancer. ITM were detected on standard two-views chest X-ray (CXR) at regular follow-up visits and in absence of subjective symptoms (102 A cases) or in the(More)
N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR) is a synthetic retinoid which reduces the incidence of experimental tumours in animals and has been chosen for its weak toxicity to be tested as a chemopreventive agent in humans. The mechanism of antineoplastic action is still unknown but a possible immunoenhancing effect may be postulated. We investigated the NK(More)
Bowel obstruction is a common and distressing outcome in patients with abdominal or pelvic cancer. Although surgery should be the primary treatment for malignant obstruction, it is now recognized that some patients with advanced disease or in generally poor condition are unfit for surgery and require alternative management to relieve distressing symptoms. A(More)
543 of the tumour, and confirm that there were no intraabdominal metastases. Subdiaphragmatic venous congestion prevented more than minimal preliminary dissection. The incision was extended into a median sternotomy and the intravascular tumour was found to extend into the lower right atrium. Cardiopulmonary bypass was established through the right atrial(More)