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Transient receptor potential ion channel melastatin subtype 8 (TRPM8) is activated by cold temperatures and cooling agents, such as menthol and icilin. Compounds containing peppermint are reported to reduce symptoms of bowel hypersensitivity; however, the underlying mechanisms of action are unclear. Here we determined the role of TRPM8 in colonic sensory(More)
The mechanosensory role of TRPA1 and its contribution to mechanical hypersensitivity in sensory neurons remains enigmatic. We elucidated this role by recording mechanically activated currents in conjunction with TRPA1 over- and under-expression and selective pharmacology. First, we established that TRPA1 transcript, protein and functional expression are(More)
In guinea-pig ileum, ageing has been associated with a decrease in enteric neurons. This study examined guinea-pig colon and measured changes in gut dimensions, neuron size, density and ganglionic area. Changes in motor nerve fibres in the circular muscle were also measured. Myenteric neurons in whole-mount preparations of mid-colon from 2-week, 6-month,(More)
Visceral pain following infection or inflammation is a major clinical problem. Although we have knowledge of how peripheral endings of colonic afferents change in disease, their central projections have been overlooked. With neuroanatomical tracing and colorectal distension (CRD), we sought to identify colonic afferent central terminals (CACTs), the dorsal(More)
BACKGROUND Neurokinin receptors facilitate tachykinin mediated intestinal motility and secretion. Distribution of Substance P (SP) neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1r) immunoreactivity (IR) has been previously characterized in guinea pig ileum, but not colon. This study localizes NK1rs in guinea pig distal colon. METHODS Neurons were double labelled for NK1r and(More)
Recently, an antibody against the choline transporter (CHT), an essential molecule involved in ACh uptake, was used to label cholinergic nerves in the central nervous system; however, the enteric nervous system (ENS) was not examined. The present study localised CHT immunoreactivity (CHT-IR) within the rat ileum ENS and determined whether it colocalised(More)
There is a rich knowledge of the enteric nervous system (ENS), especially the neurochemical and neurophysiological properties of enteric neurons and how they communicate in neural circuits underlying intestinal reflexes. The major pathways of excitatory transmission within the ENS are mediated by cholinergic and tachykinergic transmission, with transmitters(More)
BACKGROUND The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channel is critical for spinal afferent signaling of burning pain throughout the body. Such pain frequently originates from the esophagus, following acid reflux. The contribution of TRPV1 to spinal nociceptor signaling from the esophagus remains unclear. We aimed to identify the spinal afferent(More)
We are normally unaware of the complex signalling events which continuously occur within our internal organs. Most of us only become cognisant when sensations of hunger, fullness, urgency or gas arise. However, for patients with organic and functional bowel disorders pain is an unpleasant and often debilitating reminder. Furthermore, chronic pain still(More)
The cholinergic muscarinic 2 receptor (M2r) is known to be present on smooth muscle cells in the intestine. Pharmacological studies also suggest that M2rs regulate transmitter release from nerves in the enteric nervous system. This study localised M2rs in the guinea-pig ileum using different antibodies and fluorescence immunohistochemistry. Double labelling(More)