Andrea M. Bernard

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Sand tiger sharks (Carcharias taurus) have an unusual mode of reproduction, whereby the first embryos in each of the paired uteri to reach a certain size ('hatchlings') consume all of their smaller siblings during gestation ('embryonic cannibalism' or EC). If females commonly mate with multiple males ('behavioural polyandry') then litters could initially(More)
High levels of fishing have resulted in declines among many of the oceans top predators, including the globally distributed tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier). Overexploitation of this species has led to declines in parts of its distribution, which may have important ecological consequences given the tiger shark’s trophic position as a large bodied, generalist(More)
Knowledge of genetic connectivity dynamics in the world's large-bodied, highly migratory, apex predator sharks across their global ranges is limited. One such species, the tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier), occurs worldwide in warm temperate and tropical waters, uses remarkably diverse habitats (nearshore to pelagic) and possesses a generalist diet that can(More)
Sponges are one of the dominant fauna on Florida and Caribbean coral reefs, with species diversity often exceeding that of scleractinian corals. Despite the key role of sponges as structural components, habitat providers, and nutrient recyclers in reef ecosystems, their dispersal dynamics are little understood. We used ten microsatellite markers to study(More)
1. The protein components of the domestic fowl's eggshell are believed to influence appreciably the mechanical properties of the shell and/or its biomineralisation. The purpose of this study was to compare the protein species composing the eggshell matrix in different parts of the shell structure, by SDS-PAGE and chromatography, utilising eggshell cleaned(More)
DNA barcoding is a method promising fast and accurate identification of animal species based on the sequencing of the mitochondrial c oxidase subunit (COI) gene. In this study, we explore the prospects for DNA barcoding in one particular fish group, the billfishes (suborder Xiphioidei--swordfish, marlins, spearfishes, and sailfish). We sequenced the(More)
The basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) is the world's second largest fish and the subject of strong conservation concern. Minimal genetic assessment exists for this globally distributed but regionally endangered species. We describe the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of C. maximus, obtained via polymerase chain reaction-based Sanger sequencing. The(More)
Eleven novel polymorphic microsatellite loci were developed and characterized for the recently validated roundscale spearfish Tetrapturus georgii. Characterization of these markers, based on 35 roundscale spearfish from the western North Atlantic, revealed two to 21 alleles per locus with an average expected heterozygosity (H(E) ) of 0·09-0·94, and all loci(More)
The Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus), a severely overexploited and endangered coral reef fish in the Western Atlantic, is in urgent need of conservation and management measures. We report the development and characterization of 15 polymorphic, mostly tetranucleotide microsatellite loci based on 40 Nassau grouper samples collected from two Caribbean(More)
Misidentifications between exploited species may lead to inaccuracies in population assessments, with potentially irreversible conservation ramifications if overexploitation of either species is occurring. A notable showcase is provided by the realization that the roundscale spearfish (Tetrapturus georgii), a recently validated species, has been(More)