Andrea M A Pfeifer

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Normal human liver tissue and cultured human hepatocytes are valuable models to study xenobiotic metabolism and toxicity, but they only have a limited in vitro life-span and are not readily available. This report describes the establishment of replicative cultures of human adult liver epithelial cells in serum-free medium. The longevity of three of these(More)
The aim of this study was to re-examine the human hepatic metabolism of diclofenac, with special focus on the generation of minor hydroxylated metabolites implicated in the idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity of the drug. Different experimental approaches were used: human hepatocytes, human microsomes, and engineered cells expressing single human CYP (cytochromes(More)
Passive immunization against β-amyloid (Aβ) has become an increasingly desirable strategy as a therapeutic treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, traditional passive immunization approaches carry the risk of Fcγ receptor-mediated overactivation of microglial cells, which may contribute to an inappropriate proinflammatory response leading to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) are thought to participate in the mucosal defence against bacteria and in the regulation of mucosal tissue homeostasis. Reactivity of IEC to bacterial signals may depend on interactions with immunocompetent cells. To address the question of whether non-pathogenic bacteria modify the immune response of the(More)
We investigated the therapeutic effects of two different versions of Abeta(1-15 (16)) liposome-based vaccines. Inoculation of APP-V717IxPS-1 (APPxPS-1) double-transgenic mice with tetra-palmitoylated amyloid 1-15 peptide (palmAbeta(1-15)), or with amyloid 1-16 peptide (PEG-Abeta(1-16)) linked to a polyethyleneglycol spacer at each end, and embedded within a(More)
PURPOSE To develop a metabolically competent, human immortalized corneal epithelial cell line for use in toxicity and inflammation studies. METHODS Primary corneal epithelial cells (P-CEPI) were immortalized by a recombinant simian virus (SV)40 T antigen retroviral vector defective for viral replication. The cells were grown in serum-free medium with the(More)
The human respiratory epithelium is in direct contact with chemical carcinogens and toxins in inhaled air. Therefore, the activities of xenobiotic-metabolising enzymes in this epithelium could modulate respiratory toxicity and carcinogenesis. We determined the expression of several xenobiotic-metabolising enzymes, including phase I and phase II enzymes, in(More)
We have identified a novel, highly conserved protein of 14 kD copurifying with late endosomes/lysosomes on density gradients. The protein, now termed p14, is peripherally associated with the cytoplasmic face of late endosomes/lysosomes in a variety of different cell types. In a two-hybrid screen with p14 as a bait, we identified the mitogen-activated(More)
Cognitive enhancers (nootropics) are drugs to treat cognition deficits in patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, stroke, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or aging. Cognition refers to a capacity for information processing, applying knowledge, and changing preferences. It involves memory, attention, executive functions,(More)
Loss of normal functions and gain of oncogenic functions when the p53 tumor suppressor gene is mutated are considered critical events in the development of the majority of human cancers. Human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) provide an in vitro model system to study growth, differentiation, and neoplastic transformation of progenitor cells of lung(More)