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We estimate changes in forest cover (deforestation and forest regrowth) in the tropics for the two last decades (1990-2000 and 2000-2010) based on a sample of 4000 units of 10 ×10 km size. Forest cover is interpreted from satellite imagery at 30 × 30 m resolution. Forest cover changes are then combined with pan-tropical biomass maps to estimate carbon(More)
This paper presents a map of Africa's rainforests for 2005. Derived from moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer data at a spatial resolution of 250 m and with an overall accuracy of 84%, this map provides new levels of spatial and thematic detail. The map is accompanied by measurements of deforestation between 1990, 2000 and 2010 for West Africa,(More)
Methods A systematic sample of 1600 Landsat satellite imagery subsets, each 20 km 9 20 km in size, were analysed for two reference years: 1990 and 2000. At each sample site and for both years, dense tree cover, open tree cover, other wooded land and other vegetation cover were identified from the analysis of satellite imagery, which comprised multidate(More)
OBJECTIVE Respiratory gated PET/CT (positron emission tomography/computed tomography) of the lung is expected to increase the accuracy of quantitative determinations in lesional activities, regardless of the gating method used; reasonably, respiratory gating should increase standard uptake value (SUV; and possibly decrease lesional size), on the basis of(More)
Mutations within Presenilin 1 (PSEN1) represent the most common cause of monogenic Alzheimer Disease (AD). The clinical phenotype is highly variable, even if early onset disease with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and presenting memory deficits usually occur. In the present work, we described the case of a late-onset AD patient, without any(More)
Ultrafiltration and pressure profiles in hollow fiber dialyzers with different hydraulic permeabilities have been investigated with a new scintigraphic method. Radiolabelled albumin macroaggregates, used as a nondiffusible marker molecule, were added to the blood in an in vitro circuit and circulated through cuprophan and polysulphon dialyzers. Since the(More)
Acute ingestion of MDMA (ecstasy) causes a transient marked increase in serotonin and dopamine at central synapses. Recent studies demonstrated that MDMA induces damage of serotonergic nerve terminals and alters hippocampal processing. Pronounced cognitive deficits in MDMA users affect learning and memory abilities. This pattern of predominant and(More)
BACKGROUND The clearance of middle molecules in high-flux hemodialyzers is due to the higher contribution of convection in the overall solute transport. Although net filtration can be maintained low by the machine control, internal filtration in the proximal part of the dialyzer remains high. The final fluid balance is achieved by significant amounts of(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodialysis using high flux membranes today is a commonly used therapy. The primary advantage is the larger spectrum of molecules removed with these membranes, and the mechanism of removal is in part due to a phenomenon of filtration and backfiltration along the length of the hollow fibers. We hypothesized that increasing the filtration and(More)