Andrea Ludwig

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Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) comprise a large family of serine/threonine kinases in plants and protozoans. We isolated two related CDPK cDNAs (NtCDPK2 and NtCDPK3) from Nicotiana tabacum. These CDPK transcripts are elevated after race-specific defence elicitation and hypo-osmotic stress. Transiently expressed myc-epitope-tagged NtCDPK2 in(More)
Plants are constantly exposed to environmental changes and have to integrate a variety of biotic and abiotic stress stimuli. Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are implicated as important sensors of Ca2+ flux in plants in response to these stresses. CDPKs are encoded by multigene families, and expression levels of these genes are spatially and(More)
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Cf genes confer resistance to the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum through recognition of secreted avirulence (Avr) peptides. Plant defense responses, including rapid alterations in gene expression, are immediately activated upon perception of the pathogen. Previously, we identified a collection of Avr9/Cf-9 rapidly (15(More)
Plants are constantly exposed to environmental changes and need to integrate multiple external stress cues. Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are implicated as major primary Ca2+ sensors in plants. CDPK activation, like activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), is triggered by biotic and abiotic stresses, although distinct(More)
We previously identified three Avr9/Cf-9 Rapidly Elicited (ACRE) genes essential for Cf-9- and Cf-4-dependent hypersensitive response (HR) production in Nicotiana benthamiana. Two of them encode putative E3 ubiquitin ligase components. This led us to investigate other ACRE genes associated with the ubiquitination pathway. ACRE74 encodes a U-box E3 ligase(More)
Tomato Cf-9, a receptor-like protein (RLP), confers resistance to races of the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum that express the Avr9 avirulence gene. CITRX (Cf-9-interacting thioredoxin) was previously identified in a yeast two-hybrid screen as a protein interacting with the cytoplasmic domain of Cf-9 and shown to be a negative regulator of the cell(More)
Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merill, cv. Williams 82) plants and cell cultures respond to avirulent pathogens with a hypersensitive reaction. After inoculation of soybean with Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea, carrying the avirulence gene avrA, or zoospores from the fungus Phytophthora sojae Race 1, a resistance-gene-dependent cell death programme is(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea bacteria or zoospores of the fungus Phytophthora sojae were used to trigger a hypersensitive reaction (HR) in cell cultures of soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr. cv. Williams 82). During a screen for genes that show an altered expression as a response to dying neighbour cells we have identified a gene fragment that is(More)
Plants are constantly exposed to environmental changes and have to integrate a variety of biotic and abiotic stress stimuli. Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are implicated as important sensors of Ca ̄ux in plants in response to these stresses. CDPKs are encoded by multigene families, and expression levels of these genes are spatially and(More)