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PURPOSE To study levels and activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and -9 and their tissue inhibitor (TIMP-1) in tears of patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC), with and without severe corneal damage. METHODS Tear samples were obtained from 16 patients with active VKC and 10 normal control subjects, after clinical evaluation and tear(More)
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a recurrent or chronic ocular allergic disease that affects mostly children and young adults living in warm climates worldwide. Understanding and treating VKC has been a challenge for ophthalmologists since the pathogenesis is unclear and anti-allergic therapy often unsuccessful. In this paper, the culmination of 11(More)
PURPOSE To study the extracellular composition of giant papillae in vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and the expression of growth factors that may stimulate fibrosis. METHODS Upper conjunctival specimens were obtained by biopsy in 9 patients affected by active tarsal VKC (14 eyes) and 10 normal control subjects. Immunohistochemistry was performed on(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was aimed at obtaining a profile of lipids and proteins with a paracrine function in normal and diabetic vitreous and exploring whether the profile correlates with retinal pathology. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Vitreous was recovered from 47 individuals undergoing vitreoretinal surgery: 16 had nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy(More)
Ocular allergy includes several clinically different conditions that can be considered as hypersensitivity disorders of the ocular surface. The classification of these conditions is complex, and their epidemiology has not been adequately studied because of the lack of unequivocal nomenclature. Ocular allergy symptoms are often, but not always, associated(More)
BACKGROUND Low temperature plasmas have been proposed in medicine as agents for tissue disinfection and have received increasing attention due to the frequency of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. This study explored whether atmospheric-pressure cold plasma (APCP) generated by a new portable device that ionizes a flow of helium gas can inactivate ocular(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether cytokines involved in chronic allergic conjunctival disorders may affect formation of giant papillae and tissue remodeling. METHODS Conjunctival fibroblast cultures were challenged with different concentrations of human recombinant interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, interferon (IFN)-gamma and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha.(More)
The Discussion Paper series provides a means for circulating preliminary research results by staff of or visitors to the Department. Its purpose is to stimulate discussion prior to the publication of papers. Abstract. These essays tackle standard problems in mathematical economics, macroeconomics, methodology and a particular aspect of Popperian Philosophy(More)