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We evaluated body weight changes in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) after electrode implantation for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in relation to clinical improvement. Thirty PD patients who received STN DBS were included (22 men, 8 women; mean age, 60.0 +/- 7.1 years; mean PD duration, 13.5 +/- 3.7 years; mean body(More)
BACKGROUND High-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) improves motor symptoms in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), but the mechanisms are still unclear. Functional imaging evidenced pathological overactivity in motor cortical areas in advanced PD that can be normalized by effective therapies. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied resting(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical condition of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) patients is often complicated by motor fluctuations and dyskinesias which are difficult to control with available oral medications. OBJECTIVE To compare clinical and neuropsychological 12 month outcome following subcutaneous apomorphine infusion (APO) and chronic deep brain stimulation(More)
A decline in verbal fluency is the most consistent neuropsychological sequela of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease. We assessed clinical correlates and switching and clustering subcomponents in 26 parkinsonians undergoing subthalamic DBS. Post-surgical motor improvement was accompanied by worsening at both letter and category fluency(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical treatment for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), with significant advantages in morbidity-mortality and quality of life when compared to lesion techniques such as thalamotomy and/or pallidotomy. The procedure is indicated in patients with severe resting tremor, unresponsive to conventional medical(More)
Extradural motor cortex stimulation (EMCS) is a surgical procedure proposed for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) who cannot undergo deep brain stimulation (DBS). Five PD patients with motor fluctuations and dyskinesia underwent EMCS of the left hemisphere. All fulfilled CAPSIT criteria for DBS, with the exception of age > 70 years. Patients(More)
A patient suffering for an ischemic "locked-in" syndrome following a subarachnoid hemorrhage, was evaluated with brain stem acoustic evoked potentials (BAEPs), short latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) and motor evoked potentials (MEPs). Neuroradiological findings failed to reveal any lesion in the brain stem, while a transcranial Doppler showed(More)
We prospectively evaluated 20 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) preoperatively and 12 months after subthalamic nucleus-deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS). All patients had clinical (UPDRS III) and neuropsychological evaluations as well as brain perfusion SPECT-ECD. Clinical and cognitive data were compared with 12 matched PD patients who had not(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) obtains good control of advanced PD symptoms. Chronic stimulation of Stn may alleviate rigidity, dyskinesia and tremor. Anatomical and functional intraoperative mapping are mandatory to obtain careful target localisation. Per-operative macrostimulation was carried out in 22 patients undergoing bilateral DBS in Stn; a volume 6 mm(More)
Prospective comparative long-term data on the effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and continuous subcutaneous infusion of apomorphine (CSAI) in patients with advanced Parkinson disease (PD) are lacking. We report 5-year follow-up of 25 PD patients treated with either STN-DBS (n = 13) or CSAI (n = 12) who fulfilled(More)