Andrea L Vincent

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We identified mutations in the VSX1 homeobox gene for two distinct inherited corneal dystrophies; posterior polymorphous dystrophy (PPD) and keratoconus. One of the mutation (R166W) responsible for keratoconus altered the homeodomain and impaired DNA binding. Two other sequence changes (L159M and G160D) were associated with keratoconus and PPD,(More)
"Early-onset glaucoma" refers to genetically heterogeneous conditions for which glaucoma manifests at age 5-40 years and for which only a small subset is molecularly characterized. We studied the role of MYOC, CYP1B1, and PITX2 in a population (n=60) affected with juvenile or early-onset glaucoma from the greater Toronto area. By a combination of(More)
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a common condition affecting 1% of women worldwide. There is strong evidence for genetic involvement in POF as many cases are familial, and mutations in several genes have been associated with POF. We investigated variation in FOXE1 polyalanine tract length, following the observation that polyalanine tract deletions are(More)
PURPOSE Posterior Polymorphous Dystrophy (PPCD) is a genetically heterogeneous corneal dystrophy, with linkage to three different chromosomal loci, with several genes in these loci being implicated. The role of both VSX1 and COL8A2 in PPCD remains controversial but recent work suggests that mutations in the transcription factor gene ZEB1/TCF8 account for(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in the zinc finger protein gene ZNF469 cause recessive brittle cornea syndrome, characterized by spontaneous corneal perforations. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have implicated common variants in this gene as a determinant for central corneal thickness (CCT). We investigated the contribution of ZNF469 in a sample set of(More)
PURPOSE Peters anomaly is a developmental anomaly of the eye frequently associated with glaucoma. The aim of this study was to further define the molecular basis of this condition. METHODS The role of four candidate genes implicated in ocular development or glaucoma, PAX6, PITX2, MYOC, and CYP1B1, was studied in 15 patients with Peters anomaly. Mutational(More)
Keratoconus is a progressive and non-inflammatory thinning of the cornea, which may result in severe visual impairment due to irregular curvature and scarring. It can occur in isolation but is often seen in association with other systemic or ocular disorders. There is a well-recognised genetic component to keratoconus, as evidenced by family and twin(More)
PURPOSE Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD) is a genetically heterogeneous autosomal dominant condition which maps to the pericentromeric region of chromosome 20. Mutations in the VSX1 transcription factor have been reported in patients affected with PPCD, keratoconus, or a combination of both phenotypes. However, no mutation was identified in(More)
IMPORTANCE Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD) is a very rare disorder characterized by primary changes of the posterior corneal layers. Sequence variants in 3 genes are associated with the development of PPCD, including ZEB1 that is responsible for PPCD3. Evidence suggests at least 1 more gene remains to be identified. OBJECTIVE To determine(More)