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This study examines risk factors for substance involvement for youths involved with the child welfare (CW) system. In addition to common risk factors examined in general population studies; this research examines risk factors unique to youths in the CW system, including age at entry into CW and number of out-of-home placements. Participants included 214(More)
OBJECTIVE Full and partial posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following trauma exposure were examined in a community sample in order to determine their prevalence and their relative importance and functional significance. METHOD A standardized telephone interview with a series of trauma probes and a DSM-IV PTSD checklist was administered to a random(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors investigated whether histories of childhood physical or sexual abuse were reported more frequently in a clinical sample of patients with anxiety disorders than in a matched community comparison sample. METHOD A standardized interview with an extensive series of trauma probes was administered to 125 patients with DSM-IV anxiety(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this direct-interview family study was to replicate and extend an earlier finding of a familial liability for social phobia. The authors hypothesized that there would be higher rates of the generalized type of social phobia--but not the nongeneralized (or "discrete") type--among relatives of probands with generalized social phobia.(More)
We conducted an 11-week forced-escalation open-label study of paroxetine in the treatment of 36 patients with generalized social phobia. At the mean dosage of 47.9 +/- 6.2 mg/day, 23 of 30 completers (77%) were deemed responders on the basis of a clinician rating of either "very much improved" or "much improved" on the Clinical Global Impressions scale.(More)
Recent studies suggest that serotonergic functioning may be aberrant in patients with social phobia. Capacity of the serotonin (5-HT) transporter, as determined by 3H-paroxetine binding, was measured in 18 drug-free patients with generalized social phobia and compared to 15 drug-free patients with panic disorder and 23 healthy control subjects. The density(More)
OBJECTIVES The major objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of mental disorders and the use of mental health services among Latino adolescents who were receiving services in at least one of five public sectors of care in San Diego County. METHODS Survey data were gathered for a random sample of adolescents aged 12 to 18 years (N=1,164)(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between change in anxiety sensitivity, as measured by the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI), and treatment outcome in a sample of 106 subjects with a DSM-III-R diagnosis of panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia) who were participants in an evaluation study of cognitive-behavioral treatment.(More)
Understanding how depression is conceptualized is key to designing effective screening and treatment procedures. Of particular concern is maternal depression in Latinas, given the high Latina birthrate. We conducted two focus groups of pregnant Latinas to elicit their perceptions of and experiences with maternal depression. Women reported familiarity with(More)