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OBJECTIVE To identify the role of hyperleptinaemia in mediating the effects of early postnatal overfeeding in a rat strain known to be prone to manipulations of the early environment which result in predispositions for obesity and associated metabolic and cardiovascular disturbance in later life. DESIGN Wistar rats were reared in normal litters (NL,(More)
The membrane protein DsbB from Escherichia coli is essential for disulfide bond formation and catalyses the oxidation of the periplasmic dithiol oxidase DsbA by ubiquinone. DsbB contains two catalytic disulfide bonds, Cys41-Cys44 and Cys104-Cys130. We show that DsbB directly oxidizes one molar equivalent of DsbA in the absence of ubiquinone via disulfide(More)
OBJECTIVES We set out to investigate the ability of cardiotropic adeno-associated viral vector (AAV2.9 = recombinant adeno-associated virus [rAAV]) to induce prolonged expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B in a rabbit hindlimb ischemia model and a pig model of hibernating myocardium. (More)
ClyA is a pore-forming toxin from virulent Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica strains. Here, we show that the intrinsic hemolytic activity of ClyA is independent of its redox state, and that the assembly of both reduced and oxidized ClyA to the ring-shaped oligomer is triggered by contact with lipid or detergent. A rate-limiting conformational(More)
We have developed an assay procedure to monitor the cleavage of DNA substrates by restriction endonucleases. This procedure uses DNA substrates that are labeled with biotin on one 5' end and with an antigenic group, e.g., fluorescein or digoxigenin, on the other 5' end. After incubation with the restriction enzyme, the reaction is stopped with EDTA and an(More)
The mechanism of NaCl transport across the epithelium of intact MDCK cysts grown in a collagen gel matrix was investigated. Double-barreled microelectrodes were used to measure basolateral membrane PD (Vbl), transepithelial PD (Vt), and intracellular (Cli) and intralumenal (Clcy) Cl- activities in cysts under different conditions. In a control Ringer's(More)
BACKGROUND Biocompatible scaffolds as dermal substitutes are used commonly in soft tissue reconstruction and tissue-engineering approaches. The combination of these scaffolds with mesenchymal stem and stromal cells would have additional benefits in multilayer soft tissue reconstruction. In addition, the use of lipoaspirate may be beneficial for this purpose(More)
A quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for the exact quantitation of DNA is described that does not require radioactive labeling or electrophoretic separation of product species, thereby avoiding hazardous and time-consuming procedures which have so far impeded routine use of PCR, in particular in the clinical laboratory. Sample and internal(More)
We have generated several EcoRI mutants which exhibit a decreased cleavage rate on one of the five specific cleavage sites in bacteriophage lambda-DNA. To study the influence of the sequence context on the cleavage rate in more detail, we developed a site selection assay. From a complete set of 4096 plasmid substrates, differing in three bases on both sides(More)