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Stem segments of eight five-year-old Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) clones differing in growth characteristics were tested for maximum specific hydraulic conductivity (k(s100)), vulnerability to cavitation and behavior under mechanical stress. The vulnerability of the clones to cavitation was assessed by measuring the applied air pressure required(More)
BACKGROUND Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is an unusual migraine syndrome characterised by recurrent transient attacks of unilateral weakness or paralysis as part of the migraine aura. Genetically and clinically heterogeneous, FHM1 is caused by mutations in CACNA1A and FHM2 by mutations in ATP1A2. AIM Three children with prolonged hemiplegia were(More)
Only a few series of patients with cervical myelomenigocele (cMMC) and cervical meningocele (cMC) have been published. Interventions as well as the neurologic, orthopaedic, urologic and intellectual outcomes were analysed in this retrospective description of five patients with cMMC and cMC diagnosed in the period 1984-1999. Four patients suffered from cMMC,(More)
OBJECTIVE To expand the clinical phenotype of autosomal dominant congenital spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance (SMA-LED) due to mutations in the dynein, cytoplasmic 1, heavy chain 1 (DYNC1H1) gene. METHODS Patients with a phenotype suggestive of a motor, non-length-dependent neuronopathy predominantly affecting the lower limbs were(More)
Compared with other areas of the forebrain, the function of insular cortex is poorly understood. This study examined the unisensory and multisensory function of the rat insula using high-resolution, whole-hemisphere, epipial evoked potential mapping. We found the posterior insula to contain distinct auditory and somatotopically organized somatosensory(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the range and severity of brain involvement, as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging, in 27 patients with mutations in POMT1 (4), POMT2 (9), POMGnT1 (7), Fukutin (4), or LARGE (3), responsible for muscular dystrophies with abnormal glycosylation of dystroglycan (dystroglycanopathies). METHODS Blinded review of magnetic resonance(More)
The purpose of this ethics approved trial was to correlate quantitative MRI with functional abilities in both ambulant and non-ambulant Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Twenty patients with genetically confirmed DMD were recruited. Physical assessment was performed using the motor function measurement (MFM) scale. Axial 3T MRI scans of the thighs were(More)
The congenital myopathies are a group of inherited neuromuscular disorders mainly defined on the basis of characteristic histopathological features. We analysed 66 patients assessed at a single centre over a 5 year period. Of the 54 patients where muscle biopsy was available, 29 (54%) had a core myopathy (central core disease, multi-minicore disease), 9(More)
Ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1) mutations are a common cause of congenital myopathies associated with both dominant and recessive inheritance. Histopathological findings frequently feature central cores or multi-minicores, more rarely, type 1 predominance/uniformity, fiber-type disproportion, increased internal nucleation, and fatty and connective tissue. We(More)
Parents are usually told that many anencephalic offspring die in utero or soon after delivery, and many obstetricians offer elective termination of the pregnancy. Following the personal experience of the first author, a personal website was created with the intention of providing information and exchanging views with other parents confronted with a prenatal(More)