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There is growing concern that flooding is becoming more frequent and severe in Europe. A better understanding of flood regime changes and their drivers is therefore needed. The paper reviews the current knowledge on flood regime changes in European rivers that has traditionally been obtained through two alternative research approaches. The first approach is(More)
There has been a surprisingly large number ofmajor floods in the last years around the world, which suggests that floods may have increased and will continue to increase in the next decades. However, the realism of such changes is still hotly discussed in the literature. This overview article examines whether floods have changed in the past and explores the(More)
In the present paper an overview of published and unpublished results of archaeological and sedimentary investigations, predominantly reflect on 14-16-century changes, are provided and evidence compared to documentary information on flood events and long-term changes. Long-term changes in flood behaviour (e.g. frequency, intensity, seasonality) and average(More)
Christian Pfister & Oliver Wetter & Rudolf Brázdil & Petr Dobrovolný & Rüdiger Glaser & Jürg Luterbacher & Sonia I. Seneviratne & Eduardo Zorita & Maria-Joao Alcoforado & Mariano Barriendos & Ursula Bieber & Karl H. Burmeister & Chantal Camenisch & Antonio Contino & Uwe Grünewald & Jürgen Herget & Iso Himmelsbach & Thomas Labbé & Danuta Limanówka & Laurent(More)
This paper presents a novel framework that links imprecision (through a fuzzy approach) and stochastic uncertainty (through a Bayesian approach) in estimating flood probabilities from historical flood information and systematic flood discharge data. The method exploits the linguistic characteristics of historical source material to construct membership(More)
A warming climate is expected to have an impact on the magnitude and timing of river floods; however, no consistent large-scale climate change signal in observed flood magnitudes has been identified so far. We analyzed the timing of river floods in Europe over the past five decades, using a pan-European database from 4262 observational hydrometric stations,(More)
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