Andrea K. Kress

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The human APOBEC3 family consists of seven cytidine deaminases (A3A to A3H), some of which display potent antiretroviral activity against HIV-1 and other retroviruses. Studies that analyzed the effect of A3G on human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infectivity resulted in conflicting findings, and our knowledge of HTLV-1 restriction by other A3(More)
The phenotype of HTLV-1-transformed CD4(+) T lymphocytes largely depends on defined viral effector molecules such as the viral oncoprotein Tax. In this review, we exemplify the expression pattern of characteristic lineage markers, costimulatory receptors and ligands of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, cytokine receptors, and adhesion molecules on(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), the cause of adult T-cell leukemia, stimulates the growth of infected T cells in cultures and in nonleukemic patients. In the latter, HTLV-1 is found in long-term persisting T-cell clones. The persistence of normal T cells is controlled by the growth-stimulating and antiapoptotic functions of costimulatory(More)
Oncogenic transformation of CD4(+) T cells by human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is understood as the initial step to adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, a process that is mainly initiated by perturbation of cellular signaling by the viral Tax oncoprotein, a potent transcriptional regulator. In search of novel biomarkers with relevance to(More)
The oncoprotein Tax of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a potent transactivator of viral and cellular transcription. Here, we identified ELL2 as the sole transcription elongation factor to be specifically upregulated in HTLV-1-/Tax-transformed T-cells. Tax contributes to regulation of ELL2, since transient transfection of Tax increases ELL2(More)
During HTLV-1 gene expression, positive transcription elongation factor b (pTEFb) is recruited to the long terminal repeat by Tax. Usually, additional proteins and elongation factors, known as the super elongation complex (SEC) and acting together with pTEFb, are required for efficient transcriptional elongation. To decipher further Tax targets that play a(More)
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), the cause of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), transforms CD4(+) T cells to permanent growth through its transactivator Tax. HTLV-1-transformed cells share phenotypic properties with memory and regulatory T cells (T-reg). Murine T-reg-mediated suppression employs elevated cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels as a(More)
The actin-bundling protein Fascin (FSCN1) is a tumor marker that is highly expressed in numerous types of cancer including lymphomas and is important for migration and metastasis of tumor cells. Fascin has also been detected in B lymphocytes that are freshly-infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), however, both the inducers and the mechanisms of Fascin(More)
In search of novel biomarkers of HTLV-1transformed cells with relevance to oncogenesis, we identified the tumour marker and actin-bundling protein Fascin (FSCN1) to be specifically and strongly upregulated in both HTLV-1-transformed and ATLL-patient-derived CD4+ T cells. Fascin is important for migration and metastasis in various types of cancer. Here we(More)
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