Andrea J. van Rozen

Learn More
Obesity is a risk factor for type II diabetes, atherosclerosis, and some forms of cancer. Variation in common measures of obesity (e.g., BMI, waist/hip ratio) is largely explained by heritability. The advent of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has made it possible to identify several genetic variants that associate with measures of obesity, but how(More)
B-50 (GAP-43) is a neural, membrane-associated protein that has been implicated in neurite outgrowth and guidance. Following stable transfection of Rat1 fibroblasts with B-50 cDNA we observed a dispersed distribution of B-50 immunoreactivity in flattened resting cells. In contrast, motile cells exhibited high concentrations of B-50 at the leading edge of(More)
The striatum harbors two neuronal populations that enable action selection. One population represents the striatonigral pathway, expresses the dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1) and promotes the execution of motor programs, while the other population represents the striatopallidal pathway, expresses the dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) and suppresses voluntary(More)
The central melanocortin (MC) system mediates its effects on food intake via MC3 (MC3R) and MC4 receptors (MC4R). Although the role of MC4R in meal size determination, satiation, food preference, and motivation is well established, the involvement of MC3R in the modulation of food intake has been less explored. Here, we investigated the role of MC3R on the(More)
The role of the melanocortin (MC) system in feeding behavior is well established. Food intake is potently suppressed by central infusion of the MC 3/4 receptor agonist α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH), whereas the MC 3/4 receptor inverse-agonist Agouti Related Peptide (AGRP) has the opposite effect. MC receptors are widely expressed in both(More)
Several genome-wide association studies have implicated the transcription factor E-twenty- six version 5 (Etv5) in the regulation of body mass index. Further substantiating the role of Etv5 in feeding behavior are the findings that targeted disruption of Etv5 in mice leads to decreased body weight gain and that expression of Etv5 is decreased in the ventral(More)
The neuron-specific, calmodulin-binding protein B-50 (also known as GAP-43, F1, or neuromodulin) is an endogenous substrate of protein kinase C (PKC). PKC exclusively phosphorylates Ser residues in B-50. As potential phosphorylation sites for PKC, Ser41, Ser110, and Ser122 were indicated, of which Ser41 is contained in the sequence ASF, which matches with(More)
Muscarinic cholinergic receptors have been identified and characterized by radioligand binding studies in human peripheral lung tissue. The tissue was obtained at thoracotomy of 12 patients, of whom four had chronic obstructive lung disease. The radioligand 1-quinuclidinyl [phenyl-4-3H]benzilate (3H-QNB) was used to label the muscarinic cholinergic(More)
In order to study the response of cholesteryl ester transfer activity (CETA) to alteration in diet in humans we carried out a longitudinal study in hyperlipidaemic patients. Five subjects, all hyperlipidaemic, were first given a low fat diet for 7 to 15 days and then a diet high in fat for 7 to 21 days. In four out of five patients both diets were low in(More)
An increase in brain suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) has been implicated in the development of both leptin and insulin resistance. Socs3 mRNA is localized throughout the brain, and it remains unclear which brain areas are involved in the effect of SOCS3 levels on energy balance. We investigated the role of SOCS3 expressed in the mediobasal(More)