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The cellular basis of immunological memory remains a controversial issue. Here we show that basophils bound large amounts of intact antigens on their surface and were the main source of interleukins 6 and 4 in the spleen and bone marrow after restimulation with a soluble antigen. Depletion of basophils resulted in a much lower humoral memory response and(More)
OBJECTIVE The chemokine receptor CCR2 is highly expressed on monocytes and considered a promising target for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. However, blockade of CCR2 with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) during progression of collagen-induced arthritis results in a massive aggravation of the disease. In this study we investigated why CCR2 antibodies have(More)
Pigments homologous to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) contribute up to approximately 14% of the soluble protein content of many anthozoans. Maintenance of such high tissue levels poses a severe energetic penalty to the animals if protein turnover is fast. To address this as yet unexplored issue, we established that the irreversible green-to-red(More)
Fibrocytes are collagen-type-I-producing cells that arise at low frequency from hematopoietic cells. We have analyzed in mice which leukocyte subsets are required for generation of fibrocytes and show that murine fibrocytes develop from the subpopulation of CD11b(+) CD115(+) Gr1(+) monocytes under the control of CD4(+) T cells. In the absence of CD4(+) T(More)
A colorful variety of fluorescent proteins (FPs) from marine invertebrates are utilized as genetically encoded markers for live cell imaging. The increased demand for advanced imaging techniques drives a continuous search for FPs with new and improved properties. Many useful FPs have been isolated from species adapted to sun-flooded habitats such as(More)
The hematopoietic form of the adhesion molecule CD44 is known to be involved in lymphocyte maturation and homing. To define lineage and stage of maturation, which requires expression of CD44, murine long-term bone marrow cultures were established. Stroma formation and proliferation of early as well as committed erythroid, myeloid, and lymphoid progenitors(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of basophils contributes to memory immune responses and results in exacerbation of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). We undertook the present study to analyze the production and biologic effects of interleukin-3 (IL-3), a strong activator of basophils, in CIA. METHODS Arthritis was induced by immunization with type II collagen. Mice(More)
Constitutive expression of a rat CD44 variant isoform, rCD44v4-v7, on murine T cells accelerates immune responsiveness. Because prolonged immunodeficiency can be a major drawback in allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, we considered it of special interest to see whether repopulation of lethally irradiated syngeneic and allogeneic mice may be influenced(More)
Changes in reproductive state or the environment may affect the sensitivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-andrenal (HPA) axis. However, little is known about the dynamics of the resulting corticosteroid stress response, in particular in tropical mammals. In this study, we address the modulation of corticosterone release in response to different reproductive(More)