Andrea Imle

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Macrophages are motile leukocytes, targeted by HIV-1, thought to play a critical role in host dissemination of the virus. However, whether infection impacts their migration capacity remains unknown. We show that 2-dimensional migration and the 3-dimensional (3D) amoeboid migration mode of HIV-1-infected human monocyte-derived macrophages were inhibited,(More)
HIV-1 negative factor (Nef) elevates virus replication and contributes to immune evasion in vivo. As one of its established in vitro activities, Nef interferes with T-lymphocyte chemotaxis by reducing host cell actin dynamics. To explore Nef's influence on in vivo recirculation of T lymphocytes, we assessed lymph-node homing of Nef-expressing primary murine(More)
In vitro studies in primary or immortalized cells continue to be used to elucidate the essential principles that govern the interactions between HIV-1 and isolated target cells. However, until recently, substantial technical barriers prevented this information from being efficiently translated to the more complex scenario of HIV-1 spread in the host in(More)
UNLABELLED Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Nef enhances virus replication and contributes to immune evasion in vivo, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain incompletely defined. Nef interferes with host cell actin dynamics to restrict T lymphocyte responses to chemokine stimulation and T cell receptor engagement. This relies on the(More)
The HIV-1 pathogenesis factor Nef interacts with numerous ligands to affect cellular vesicular transport, signal transduction and cytoskeletal dynamics. While most Nef functions depend on multivalent protein interaction motifs, disrupting actin dynamics requires a motif that specifically recruits the host kinase PAK2. An adjacent aspartate was recently(More)
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