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AIMS We compared flow and wall shear stress (WSS) patterns in the ascending aorta of individuals with either bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) or tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) using four-dimensional cardiovascular magnetic resonance (4D-CMR). BAV are known to be associated with dilation and dissection of the ascending aorta. However, the cause of vessel disease in(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to use functional MRI (fMRI) to measure brain activation in response to imagination of odors in humans. METHOD fMR brain scans were obtained in 21 normal subjects (9 men, 12 women) using multislice FLASH MRI in response to imagination of odors of banana and peppermint and to the actual smells of the corresponding odors of amyl acetate(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared the annulus diameters measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), and dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) before transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND In TAVI correct evaluation of the aortic annulus is mandatory to choose the correct prosthesis type and size and(More)
OBJECTIVE Transcatheter aortic valve implantation has been performed by several groups, most of them either specializing on the transapical (surgeons) or the percutaneous femoral transarterial approach (cardiologists). We achieved both transapical and percutaneous transcatheter valve implantation by a surgical team in a hybrid suite. METHODS Since June(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to use functional MRI (fMRI) to measure brain activation in response to olfactory stimuli. METHOD fMRI brain scans were obtained in 17 normal subjects (9 men, 8 women) using-multislice FLASH MRI in response to three olfactory stimuli (pyridine, menthone, amyl acetate) in three coronal brain sections selected from anterior to posterior(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, suspicion had been expressed that survival might be impaired after antegrade transapical as opposed to retrograde transfemoral valve implantation in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis. We analyzed survival in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation with special emphasis on the access site for implantation. (More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to demonstrate that medical therapy in patients with smell loss (hyposmia) that restored olfactory function toward or to normal could be verified and quantitated by functional MRI (fMRI) of brain and that visual representation of these changes could be used to identify these patients. METHOD Multislice FLASH MR or echo planar MR brain(More)
We successfully implanted a bioprosthetic aortic valve via the right subclavian artery within the framework of the CoreValve transapical aortic valve replacement (TAVR) ReValving (CoreValve, Irvine, CA, USA) clinical trial on November 20, 2007, at the Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery at the German Heart Center Munich, Technical University Munich. The(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) can occur in up to one third of patients after surgical aortic valve replacement and can be associated with increased mortality. Little data exist, however, about the incidence, predictors, and prognostic implications of AKI after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to(More)
To provide an understanding of the clinical characteristics of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and bundle branch block, experience from five centers was accumulated. Patients in whom bundle branch block first appeared after the onset of cardiogenic shock were excluded. In 432 patients, the most common types of block were left (38%) and right(More)