Andrea Hartner

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Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) aggravates the course of acute mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (GN) in the rat. Observational studies in children suggest that IUGR may be associated with a severe course of kidney diseases such as IgA nephropathy. We tested the hypothesis that IUGR leads to aggravation of acute mesangioproliferative GN in(More)
Expression of the chemoattractant osteopontin (OPN) may contribute to macrophage infiltration in many types of tubulointerstitial kidney disease, but the role of OPN in chronic glomerulosclerosis is unknown. We hypothesized that glomerular OPN expression and macrophage infiltration occur in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt glomerulosclerosis in rats.(More)
BACKGROUND Mesangial cell (MC) proliferation and extracellular matrix accumulation are typical responses of renal glomeruli to injury. Extracellular matrix components are known to affect MC behavior, which is mediated primarily via integrin receptors of the beta1 family. In addition to alpha1, alpha3, alpha5, and alpha6 chains of beta1 integrins, recent(More)
The expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in the late thick ascending limb, including the macula densa, is found to be upregulated in an activated renin-angiotensin system. How this upregulation is managed is not yet known. We therefore considered the possibility that the stimulation of COX-2 expression is triggered by the activation of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Gastrokine-1 (GKN1) is a secreted auto-/paracrine protein, described to be expressed in the gastric mucosa. In gastric cancers GKN1 expression is commonly down-regulated. While current research focusses on the exploration of tumor-suppressive properties of GKN1 with regard to its potential clinical use in the treatment of gastroenterologic(More)
An association between low nephron number and subsequent development of hypertension in later life has been demonstrated. The underlying pathomechanisms are unknown, but glomerular and postglomerular changes have been discussed. We investigated whether such changes are already present in prehypertensive "glial cell line-derived neurotrophic growth factor"(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO)-mediated renal vasodilation due to the activity of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) contributes to glomerular hyperfiltration in diabetic rats. Two weeks after induction of diabetes mellitus by streptozotocin, mean arterial BP (MAP), GFR (inulin clearance), and renal plasma flow (RPF)(More)
BACKGROUND Low birth weight is a risk factor for the development of a more severe course of secondary renal diseases. We tested the hypothesis that experimental mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (GN) shows an aggravated course in rats inflicted with experimental uteroplacental insufficiency during gestation. METHODS Intrauterine growth restriction(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular matrix receptors of the integrin family are known to regulate cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation. The alpha8 integrin chain is expressed in the glomerulus exclusively by mesangial cells. The contribution of alpha8 to mesangial cell function, however, has not yet been studied. METHODS Mesangial cells from wild-type and(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that inflammation of visceral organs is significantly affected by the autonomic nervous system. Such neuroimmune interactions have not been studied in the kidney. Here, we show that the rat kidney is innervated by both tyrosine hydroxylase-positive sympathetic efferent nerve fibers and calcitonin gene-related peptide-positive(More)