Andrea Giansanti

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The melting curves of short heterogeneous DNA chains in solution are calculated on the basis of statistical thermodynamics and compared to experiments. The computation of the partition function is based on the Peyrard-Bishop hamiltonian, which has already been adopted in the theoretical description of the melting of long DNA chains. In the case of short(More)
The framework of percolation theory is used to analyze the hydration dependence of the capacitance measured for protein samples of pH 3-10, at frequencies from 10 kHz to 4 MHz. For all samples there is a critical value of the hydration at which the capacitance sharply increases with increase in hydration level. The threshold h(c) = 0.15 g of water per g of(More)
Fluorescence intensity measurements of ethidium bromide (EB) bound to ribosomal RNA (rRNA) in suspensions of 30S and 50S subunits, of 70S ribosomal particles and of protein-free extracted rRNA are presented. Changes in the intercalation of EB reflect changes in conformation and degree of exposure of rRNA. The effect of removal of magnesium ions on the(More)
Dielectric losses were measured for lysozyme powders of varied hydration level by a dielectric-gravimetric technique in the frequency range of 10 kHz to 10 MHz. The relaxation showed an isotope effect and pH dependence, indicating that the inferred conductivity is protonic. The transport process is likely restricted to the surface of individual(More)
It is a worthy goal to completely characterize all human proteins in terms of their domains. Here, using the Pfam database, we asked how far we have progressed in this endeavour. Ninety per cent of proteins in the human proteome matched at least one of 5494 manually curated Pfam-A families. In contrast, human residue coverage by Pfam-A families was <45%,(More)
It is proposed that the co-expression of statistically significant motifs among the sequences of a proteome is a phylogenetic trait. From the co-expression matrix of such motifs in a group of prokaryotic proteomes a suitable definition of a phylogenetic distance is introduced and the corresponding distance matrix between proteomes is constructed. From the(More)
Biological experiments were combined with molecular dynamics simulations to understand the importance of amino acidic residues present in the bromodomain of the yeast histone acetyltransferase Gcn5p. It was found that residue Pro371 plays an important role in the molecular recognition of the acetylated histone H4 tail by Gcn5p bromodomain. Crystallographic(More)
Natively unfolded proteins lack a well defined three dimensional structure but have important biological functions, suggesting a re-assignment of the structure-function paradigm. To assess that a given protein is natively unfolded requires laborious experimental investigations, then reliable sequence-only methods for predicting whether a sequence(More)
We compare experimental melting curves of short heterogeneous DNA oligomers with theoretical curves derived from statistical mechanics. Partition functions are computed with the one-dimensional Peyrard-Bishop (PB) Hamiltonian, already used in the study of the melting of long DNA chains. Working with short chains we take into account, in the computations,(More)