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In this paper we determine a closed formula for the number of convex permu-tominoes of size n. We reach this goal by providing a recursive generation of all convex permutominoes of size n+1 from the objects of size n, according to the ECO method, and then translating this construction into a system of functional equations satisfied by the generating(More)
The cyanobacteria are photosynthetic prokaryotes of significant ecological and biotechnological interest, since they strongly contribute to primary production and are a rich source of bioactive compounds. In eutrophic fresh and brackish waters, their mass occurrences (water blooms) are often toxic and constitute a high potential risk for human health.(More)
Fifty cyanobacterial strains from different habitats(symbioses, soil, fresh and marine waters) belongingto the genus Nostoc were cultured and tested forbioactivity. Thirty-seven strains were isolated in ourlaboratory, the remaining were supplied by officialculture collections. All the organisms were grownunder controlled laboratory conditions. The(More)
In this paper we consider the class of permutominoes, i.e. a special class of polyominoes which are determined by a pair of permutations having the same size. We give a characterization of the permutations associated with convex permutominoes, and then we enumerate various classes of convex permutominoes, including parallelogram, directed-convex, and stack(More)
A permutomino of size n is a polyomino whose vertices define a pair of distinct permutations of length n. In this paper we treat various classes of convex permutominoes, including the parallelogram, the directed convex and the stack ones. Using bijective techniques we provide enumeration for each of these classes according to the size, and characterize the(More)
Beauquier and Nivat introduced and gave a characterization of the class of pseudo-square polyominoes that tile the plane by translation: a polyomino tiles the plane by translation if and only if its boundary word W may be factorized as W = XY X Y. In this paper we consider the subclass PSP of pseudo-square polyominoes which are also parallelogram. By using(More)
We have applied the ligation detection reaction (LDR) combined with a universal array approach to the detection and quantitation of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplified cry1A(b) gene from Bt-176 transgenic maize. We demonstrated excellent specificity and high sensitivity. Down to 0.5 fmol (nearly 60 pg) of PCR amplified transgenic material was(More)