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In this study, high-throughput microRNA (miRNA) expression analysis revealed that the expression of miR-140 was associated with chemosensitivity in osteosarcoma tumor xenografts. Tumor cells ectopically transfected with miR-140 were more resistant to methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Overexpression of miR-140 inhibited cell proliferation in both(More)
The functions of non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) in tumorigenesis are just beginning to emerge. Previous studies from our laboratory have identified a number of miRNAs that were deregulated in colon cancer cell lines due to the deletion of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. In this study, the in vivo significance of some of these miRNAs was further evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Translational control mediated by non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) plays a key role in the mechanism of cellular resistance to anti-cancer drug treatment. Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and thymidylate synthase (TYMS, TS) are two of the most important targets for antifolate- and fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapies in the past 50 years. In this(More)
UNLABELLED Two identical randomized controlled trials designed to optimize adjuvant treatment of colon cancer (CC) (n =855) and rectal cancer (RC) (n = 796) were performed. Long-term evaluation confirmed that the addition of folinic acid (FA) to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) improved 7-year overall survival (OS) in CC but not in RC and revealed different patterns(More)
BACKGROUND High-level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) has been reported as a prognostic marker in colon cancer. We here analysed the prognostic significance of MSI and mutations of the Beta2-Microglobulin (B2M) gene, which occur in about 30% of MSI-H colon cancer, in the cohort of the prospective FOGT-4 (Forschungsruppe Onkologie Gastrointestinale(More)
BACKGROUND Regional chemotherapy of isolated, nonresectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) by hepatic artery infusion (HAI) has the advantages of high response rates and the possibility of downstaging and resection of CRLMs. 5-Fluorodeoxyuridine (5-FUDR) has been the drug studied in most Phase II and III trials. The meta-analysis of the Phase III(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have identified a number of genes associated with chemosensitivity to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) using an in vitro colon cancer cell line model. In this study, the in vivo significance of several marker genes in terms of prognostic potential was evaluated using colorectal cancer patient samples. Eight marker genes were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine produced in cells of hematopoetic origin. It is not known whether pancreatic cancer cells produce IL-13 or whether IL-13 can modulate pancreatic cancer cell growth and influence the frequency of lymph node metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell growth and signaling were analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Unlike metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) there are to date few reports concerning the predictive value of molecular biomarkers on the clinical outcome in stage II/III CRC patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of proteins related with the EGFR- and VEGFR- signalling cascades in these(More)
OBJECTIVE Anorectal melanoma is a rare, highly malignant tumour with a poor 5 year survival of 10%. Most anorectal melanomas have gross and/or histologic pigmentation, however about 30% of anorectal melanomas are amelanotic. METHOD We report three cases of amelanotic anorectal melanomas and integrate our data with six case reports of amelanotic malignant(More)