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In this study, high-throughput microRNA (miRNA) expression analysis revealed that the expression of miR-140 was associated with chemosensitivity in osteosarcoma tumor xenografts. Tumor cells ectopically transfected with miR-140 were more resistant to methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Overexpression of miR-140 inhibited cell proliferation in both(More)
The functions of non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) in tumorigenesis are just beginning to emerge. Previous studies from our laboratory have identified a number of miRNAs that were deregulated in colon cancer cell lines due to the deletion of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. In this study, the in vivo significance of some of these miRNAs was further evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Translational control mediated by non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) plays a key role in the mechanism of cellular resistance to anti-cancer drug treatment. Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and thymidylate synthase (TYMS, TS) are two of the most important targets for antifolate- and fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapies in the past 50 years. In this(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Many studies have been published that report an association between thymidylate synthase (TS) and response to fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy and the overall outcome of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. The results have given rise to the possibility that, by determination of TS levels, the physician may decide if the patient has(More)
BACKGROUND High-level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) has been reported as a prognostic marker in colon cancer. We here analysed the prognostic significance of MSI and mutations of the Beta2-Microglobulin (B2M) gene, which occur in about 30% of MSI-H colon cancer, in the cohort of the prospective FOGT-4 (Forschungsruppe Onkologie Gastrointestinale(More)
BACKGROUND Carcinoma located in the uncinate process (CUP) of the pancreatic head is considered to be rare. Exact epidemiological data, however, are not available because the series published so far consist of fewer than ten patients. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the clinical appearance of CUP and to compare findings with those of(More)
OBJECTIVE Anorectal melanoma is a rare, highly malignant tumour with a poor 5 year survival of 10%. Most anorectal melanomas have gross and/or histologic pigmentation, however about 30% of anorectal melanomas are amelanotic. METHOD We report three cases of amelanotic anorectal melanomas and integrate our data with six case reports of amelanotic malignant(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine produced in cells of hematopoetic origin. It is not known whether pancreatic cancer cells produce IL-13 or whether IL-13 can modulate pancreatic cancer cell growth and influence the frequency of lymph node metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell growth and signaling were analyzed(More)
UNLABELLED Two identical randomized controlled trials designed to optimize adjuvant treatment of colon cancer (CC) (n =855) and rectal cancer (RC) (n = 796) were performed. Long-term evaluation confirmed that the addition of folinic acid (FA) to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) improved 7-year overall survival (OS) in CC but not in RC and revealed different patterns(More)
Inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery (PDA) aneurysms are rare: To date, only 88 cases have been reported in the English literature. Although atherosclerosis represents the most common histological finding (60%), the pathogenetic mechanism consists usually of vessel erosion owing to acute or chronic pancreatitis. Most of these lesions are undetectable until(More)