Andrea Fioretti

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Cold Rydberg atoms subject to long-range dipole-dipole interactions represent a particularly interesting system for exploring few-body interactions and probing the transition from 2-body physics to the many-body regime. In this work we report the direct observation of a resonant 4-body Rydberg interaction. We exploit the occurrence of an accidental(More)
We demonstrate rotational and vibrational cooling of cesium dimers by optical pumping techniques. We use two laser sources exciting all the populated rovibrational states, except a target state that thus behaves like a dark state where molecules pile up thanks to absorption-spontaneous emission cycles. We are able to accumulate photoassociated cold Cs(2)(More)
Some of us have recently reported in Science [1] vibrational cooling of translationally cold Cs2 molecules into the lowest vibrational level v = 0 of the singlet XΣg ground electronic state. Starting from a sample of cold molecules produced in a collection of vibrational levels of the ground state, our method was based on repeated optical pumping by laser(More)
We demonstrate a prototype of a Focused Ion Beam machine based on the ionization of a laser-cooled cesium beam and adapted for imaging and modifying different surfaces in the few-tens nanometer range. Efficient atomic ionization is obtained by laser promoting ground-state atoms into a target excited Rydberg state, then field-ionizing them in an electric(More)
An experimental study of caesium energy pooling collisions, Cs(6PJ ) + Cs(6PJ ) → Cs(7PJ ′ ) + Cs(6S1/2), at thermal energies, has been carried out in a capillary cell using diode laser excitation. Use of the capillary cell minimizes the effects of radiation trapping, but nonetheless, such effects still play a significant role in the analysis. Consequently,(More)
In the domain of quantum degenerate atomic gases, much interest has been raised recently by the use of Lanthanide atoms with large magnetic moments, in particular Dysprosium and Erbium. These species have been successfully brought to quantum degeneracy and are now excellent candidates for quantum simulations of physical phenomena due to long-range(More)
Translationally cold caesium molecules are created by photoassociation below the 6s + 6p(1/2) excited state and selectively detected by resonance enhanced two photon ionization (RE2PI). A series of excited vibrational levels belonging to the 0(-)(g) symmetry is identified. The regular progression of the vibrational spacings and of the rotational constants(More)