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BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most frequent congenital infection in humans. Its prevalence and the frequency of disabling sequelae must be assessed in different populations to permit the formulation or assessment of preventive measures. OBJECTIVES To check the prevalence of congenital infection and seroprevalence in Italy; to verify(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is a common event in neurological patients and recovery of C. pneumoniae DNA in the cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients could represent an epiphenomenon. We assessed the relevance of C. pneumoniae infection in 62 CSF samples from 32 MS patients and 30 neurological controls by means of PCR,(More)
BACKGROUND Although combinations of antibiotics and antisecretory drugs are useful for treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, treatment failure is common. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between pretreatment antibiotic resistance and outcome by using six different treatment regimens for H. pylori infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Salmonellosis remains one of the most frequent food-borne diseases worldwide, especially in developing countries. The emergence of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella isolates from food can potentially compromise the treatment of these infections. This investigation was conducted for the first time in Morocco both to detect the occurrence of(More)
BACKGROUND Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection. The main risk factors correlated with HPV infection are: early sexual debut, the number of partners, frequency and type of sexual contact and partner's sexual histories.We surveyed sexual habits among young people in order to provide information that might orient(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of omeprazole and amoxycillin dual therapy to treat Helicobacter pylori infection has been inconsistent, suggesting the presence of host or bacterial factors influencing treatment success. The aim of this study was to assess the role of pre-treatment amoxycillin resistance in the efficacy of omeprazole and amoxycillin dual therapy.(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of viral DNA in dried blood spots using the Guthrie card (DBS test) is a reliable and practical method of diagnosing congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. The test lends itself to epidemiological studies to establish the prevalence of the infection, but also to neonatal screening for secondary prevention of sequelae. These(More)
Anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug-resistance, mainly multi-drug resistance (MDR-TB), represents an important public health problem in several countries. Aim of our study is to identify the presence of these mutations in M. tuberculosis isoniazid- and rifampin-resistant strains isolated in our Institute; to evaluate linkage between type of mutation and(More)
SETTING The main university hospital in Iasi, Romania. OBJECTIVE To assess whether health care workers (HCWs) have a higher risk of acquiring tuberculosis (TB) than the general population, and if TB incidence varies between departments, to develop adequate infection control measures. DESIGN All records of TB cases among HCWs were reviewed by(More)
A cross-sectional study was carried out in a population of North Italy to determine the prevalence of eight oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) types most commonly found in cervical carcinoma and to study the relationship between HPV DNA loads and severity of disease. A total of 597 cervical samples obtained from patients with pathological findings (n =(More)