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In mammals, the function of the reproductive system is dependent on the availability of energy in the environment. It is well established that acute modifications of energy balance modulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In several species, fasting and caloric restriction have been shown to cause the suppression of pulsatile luteinizing hormone(More)
The Androgen Receptor (AR) pathway is involved in the development of skeletal muscle but the molecular basis of androgen-related myogenic enhancement is still unclear. We have investigated AR expression and localization during myoblasts-myotubes differentiation in skeletal muscle cell line C2C12. AR expression increases during proliferation and commitment(More)
Aldosterone controls blood pressure by binding to the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), a ligand-activated transcription factor which regulates critical genes controlling salt and water homeostasis in the kidney. In recent years, inappropriate MR activation has been shown to trigger deleterious responses in various tissues, including vessels, heart and(More)
In the present study we evaluated whether naltrexone administration could stimulate sexual function in 30 male patients, ages 25 to 50 years, with idiopathic impotence of at least one year's duration and not of organic etiology. The patients received naltrexone (50 mg/day) or placebo, on a random basis for two weeks. Sexual performance, expressed as the(More)
The corneal reflex and the three components of the blink reflex (R1, R2, and R3) were recorded electromyographically in volunteers. The area of these responses was measured before and after administration of the narcotic-analgesic fentanyl (1.5 mg i.m.) and its antagonist naloxone, and after administration of the benzodiazepine diazepam (10 mg i.v.) and its(More)
BACKGROUND Pegvisomant (PEGV) is widely used, alone or with somatostatin analogs (SSA), for GH-secreting pituitary tumors poorly controlled by SSAs alone. No information is available on specific indications for or relative efficacies of PEGV+SSA versus PEGV monotherapy. Aim of our study was to characterize real-life clinical use of PEGV vs. PEGV+SSA for(More)
Jatropha curcas L. (2n = 2x = 22) is becoming a popular non-food oleaginous crop in several developed countries due to its proposed value in the biopharmaceutical industry. Despite the potentials of its oil-rich seeds as a renewable source of biodiesel and an interest in large-scale cultivation, relatively little is known with respect to plant reproduction(More)
Clinical evidence shows that in males obesity is frequently associated with hypogonadism and vice versa; also, low testosterone levels have been considered a "hallmark" of metabolic syndrome in men. These observations indicate that there is a strict connection between anatomically and functionally distinct cell types such as white adipocytes and Leydig(More)
Leptin is the 167 amino-acid protein product of the Lep (obese) gene that is released predominantly from adipose tissue and circulates at levels related to the amount of fat. Leptin expression is hormonally regulated: insulin and glucocorticoids are stimulators, while inhibitors include beta-adrenergic agonists and testosterone. Recently, adenylate(More)