Andrea Dicker

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Loss of fat mass is a key feature of cancer cachexia and has been attributed to increased adipocyte lipolysis. The mechanism behind this alteration is unknown and was presently investigated. We studied mature s.c. fat cells and differentiated preadipocytes from 26 cancer patients with and without cachexia. Hormone-induced lipolysis and expression of(More)
The mobilization of fat stored in adipose tissue is mediated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) and the recently characterized adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), yet their relative importance in lipolysis is unknown. We show that a novel potent inhibitor of HSL does not inhibit other lipases. The compound counteracted catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis in(More)
Recent evidence suggests that cells with the properties of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) can be derived from adult peripheral tissues, including adipose tissue, muscle and dermis. We isolated hMSCs from the stromal-vascular portion of subcutaneous adipose tissue from seven adult subjects. These cells could be readily differentiated into cells of the(More)
Site differences in adipose tissue function may have implications for insulin-resistant conditions. In mature adipose tissue, subcutaneous adipocytes have higher leptin secretion, similar tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha secretion, and lower catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis as compared with omental adipocytes. In this study, lipolysis and leptin and(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pleiotropic cytokine with a proposed role in obesity-related insulin resistance. This could be mediated by increased lipolysis in adipose tissue resulting in elevated free fatty acid levels. The early intracellular signals entailed in TNF-alpha-mediated lipolysis are unknown but may involve members of the(More)
Regional differences in lipolysis, with higher lipolytic activity in visceral than subcutaneous fat, are important for the development of insulin resistance and might be influenced by testosterone. We studied testosterone-regulated lipolysis and protein expression (by western blot) in fully differentiated pre-adipocytes from visceral (omental) and abdominal(More)
OBJECTIVE Freshly isolated pancreatic islets contain, in contrast to cultured islets, intraislet endothelial cells (ECs), which can contribute to the formation of functional blood vessels after transplantation. We have characterized how donor islet endothelial cells (DIECs) may contribute to the revascularization rate, vascular density, and endocrine graft(More)
The aim of this study was to validate the role of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) signaling in the regulation of glucose metabolism, and to compare the molecular events upon treatment with the ERalpha-selective agonist propyl pyrazole triol (PPT) or 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) in ob/ob mice. Female ob/ob mice were treated with PPT, E(2) or vehicle for 7 or 30(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced lipolysis may be important for insulin resistance in both obesity and cachexia. In rodent cells TNF-alpha enhances lipolysis through down-regulation of the expression of the membrane proteins Galpha(i) and the lipid droplet-associated protein perilipin (PLIN). In human (but not murine) adipocytes(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) promotes lipolysis in mammal adipocytes via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family, resulting in reduced expression/function of perilipin (PLIN). The role of another pivotal intracellular messenger activated by TNF-alpha, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), has not been recognized. We explored the role of(More)