Andrea Diana

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The subcellular heterogeneity of mitochondrial membrane potential (mDelta psi) was investigated in confluent and sub-confluent cultures of four cell types (human astrocytes, HEp-2, MDCK and Vero cells) in normal growth conditions, hypoxia and apoptosis. The distribution of high-polarized mitochondria, detected by the potential-sensitive probe JC-1, was(More)
Vitamin A and its derivatives (retinoids) play important roles in many physiological processes. The recent finding of high levels of cellular retinol-binding protein type 1 immunoreactivity, cellular retinoic acid-binding protein type 1 immunoreactivity and the presence of nuclear retinoid receptors in the central nervous system of adult rodents suggests(More)
Alpha-lipoic acid (alpha-LA) is an antioxidant used for the treatment of a variety of diseases, including liver cirrhosis, heavy metal poisoining, and diabetic polyneuropathy. In addition to its protective effect against oxidative stress, alpha-LA induces apoptosis in different cancer cells types. However, whether alpha-LA acid induces apoptosis of hepatoma(More)
This study reports for the first time (a) the longitudinal profile of the transmembrane potential (mDeltapsi) of single mitochondria using a Nernstian fluorescent probe and (b) the distribution of mDeltapsi fluctuations of mitochondria undergoing permanent depolarization. Our findings show that (1) mitochondria in different energetic conditions coexist in(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been shown to exert several biological activities in different organs, in particular organs such as adipose and mammary tissue where CLA accumulates preferentially because of its high incorporation into neutral lipids. However, despite numerous studies carried out in different experimental models, both in vivo and in(More)
Depolarization and repolarization phases (D and R phases, respectively) of mitochondrial potential fluctuations induced by photoactivation of the fluorescent probe tetramethylrhodamine methyl ester (TMRM) were analyzed separately and investigated using specific inhibitors and substrates. The frequency of R phases was significantly inhibited by oligomycin(More)
Using in situ end-labelling of DNA breaks (TUNEL) and staining with propidium iodide, we have investigated the occurrence of apoptosis in the adrenal cortex of hypophysectomized rats. Apoptosis was detected in the zona fasciculata and reticularis 3 days after hypophysectomy. Six days after hypophysectomy rats showed apoptotic cells mainly in the zona(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the neurodegenerative effects of intraventricular colchicine on granule cells of the hippocampal dentate gyrus and to characterise the modality of neuronal cell death. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were killed 24 hours after a single injection of colchicine into the third ventricle and nuclear morphology, DNA single strand(More)
Brains affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) show a large spectrum of mitochondrial alterations at both morphological and genetic level. The causal link between amyloid beta peptides (AP) and mitochondrial dysfunction has been established in cellular models of AD using Abeta concentrations capable of triggering massive neuronal death. However, mitochondrial(More)
α-lipoic acid (α-LA) is an antioxidant used for the treatment of a variety of diseases, including liver cirrhosis, heavy metal poisoining, and diabetic polyneuropathy. In addition to its protective effect against oxidative stress, α-LA induces apoptosis in different cancer cells types. However, whether α-LA acid induces apoptosis of hepatoma cells is(More)