Andrea D. Dilworth

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Two novel aspects of Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid (TCDVd) are reported, namely that TCDVd was detected in symptomless plants of Vinca minor, a trailing ground cover surviving at subzero temperatures (−12°C); and that TCDVd was seed-borne in tomato and detected in high percentages in tomato seeds and seedlings. Soaking seeds in a low concentration of sodium(More)
Formats of a simple protocol for the preparation of nucleic acids for infectivity and RT-PCR detection of viroids from minute amounts of plant material are described. The method consists of preparing crude extracts in a NaOH-EDTA solution and then testing the supernatant. The NaOH-EDTA extract can be used at four distinct stages of preparation depending(More)
Surveys of Impatiens and Verbena species in local nurseries in Fredericton, Canada and Verbena species in New Delhi, India showed widespread infection of Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVd) in vegetatively-propagated and seed-grown plants. To determine viroid seed transmission, samples of eight varieties of Impatiens and 11 varieties of Verbena were obtained(More)
A rapid and simple protocol for preparing viral RNA from aphids (Myzus persicae) and potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tissue (leaves, sprouts, and tubers) for reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was developed. The four-step method involves: (1) preparing plant crude sap or aphid macerates in a buffered detergent (Triton XL-80N) solution;(More)
Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid (TCDVd) manually inoculated to transgenic (cv.‘Desiree’) potato plants containing antimicrobial cationic peptides failed to develop symptoms in above ground plant parts, but infected tubers were symptomatic. Plants from the infected tubers (second generation plants) emerged as either severely stunted (bushy stunt isolate, BSI)(More)
The effectiveness of propylene glycol on the retention of RNA target of Potato virus Y (PVY), an aphid stylet-borne virus, in Myzus persicae was investigated in comparison to ethanol and liquid nitrogen/-80°C. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the PVY targets from the propylene glycol/ethanol/liquid nitrogen(More)
Suramin, a highly sulfonated drug, has been reported to be effective against several human malignancies in vitro and in vivo, and currently is undergoing clinical trials against prostate tumors. The biochemical and molecular mechanisms for suramin's antiproliferative activity are not clear. In order to define the biochemical basis for its antitumor activity(More)
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