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Protein-folding intermediates have been implicated in amyloid fibril formation involved in neurodegenerative disorders. However, the structural mechanisms by which intermediates initiate fibrillar aggregation have remained largely elusive. To gain insight, we used relaxation dispersion nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to determine the structure of a(More)
PURPOSE To assess whether single-and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can measure the interictal brain excitability of medicated patients with cryptogenic localization related epilepsy (CLE). Changes in the balance between excitation and inhibition are the core phenomena in focal epileptogenesis. TMS can assess this balance in the(More)
NMR spectroscopy plays a major role in the determination of the structures and dynamics of proteins and other biological macromolecules. Chemical shifts are the most readily and accurately measurable NMR parameters, and they reflect with great specificity the conformations of native and nonnative states of proteins. We show, using 11 examples of proteins(More)
The thermodynamics and energetics of a 20-residue synthetic peptide with a stable three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet fold are investigated by implicit solvent molecular dynamics (MD) at 330 K (slightly above the melting temperature in the model) and compared with previous simulation results at 360 K. At both temperature values, the peptide folds(More)
Proteins fold in a time range of microseconds to minutes despite the large amount of possible conformers. Molecular dynamics simulations of a three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet peptide (for a total of 12.6 microsec and 72 folding events) show that at the melting temperature the unfolded state ensemble contains many more conformers than those sampled(More)
Rapid neurotransmitter release depends on the Ca2+ sensor Synaptotagmin-1 (Syt1) and the SNARE complex formed by synaptobrevin, syntaxin-1 and SNAP-25. How Syt1 triggers release has been unclear, partly because elucidating high-resolution structures of Syt1-SNARE complexes has been challenging. An NMR approach based on lanthanide-induced pseudocontact(More)
The fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) regulates the endocannabinoid system cleaving primarily the lipid messenger anandamide. FAAH has been well characterized over the years and, importantly, it represents a promising drug target to treat several diseases, including inflammatory-related diseases and cancer. But its enzymatic mechanism for lipid selection to(More)
The endocannabinoid anandamide is removed from the synaptic space by a selective transport system, expressed in neurons and astrocytes, that remains molecularly uncharacterized. Here we describe a partly cytosolic variant of the intracellular anandamide-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase-1 (FAAH-1), termed FAAH-like anandamide transporter (FLAT),(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate possible functional asymmetries of the motor cortex on the hand-dominant versus the non-dominant hemisphere. METHODS We assessed the handedness of 15 consenting volunteers using the Edinburgh Inventory. They were divided in two groups: 9 right-handers and 6 left-handers. We used single- and paired-transcranial magnetic stimulation(More)