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—We present an accurate and robust framework for detecting and segmenting faces, localizing landmarks and achieving fine registration of face meshes based on the fitting of a facial model. This model is based on a 3D Point Distribution Model (PDM) that is fitted without relying on texture, pose or orientation information. Fitting is initialized using(More)
1 Abstract We propose an accurate tracking algorithm based on a multi-feature statistical model. The model combines in a single particle filter colour and gradient-based orientation information. A reliability measure derived from the particle distribution is used to adaptively weigh the contribution of the two features. Furthermore, information from the(More)
Local illumination changes due to shadows often reduce the quality of object-based video composition and mislead object recognition. This problem makes shadow detection a desirable tool for a wide range of applications, such as video production and visual surveillance. In this paper, we present an algorithm for the isolation of video objects from the local(More)
A novel approach to shadow detection is presented in this paper. The method is based on the use of invariant color models to identify and to classify shadows in digital images. The procedure is divided into two levels: first, shadow candidate regions are extracted; then, by using the invariant color features, shadow candidate pixels are classified as self(More)
Automatic affect analysis has attracted great interest in various contexts including the recognition of action units and basic or non-basic emotions. In spite of major efforts, there are several open questions on what the important cues to interpret facial expressions are and how to encode them. In this paper, we review the progress across a range of affect(More)
Person re-identification aims to recognize the same person viewed by disjoint cameras at different time instants and locations. In this paper, after an extensive review of state-of-the-art approaches, we propose a re-identification method that takes into account the appearance of people, the spatial location of cameras and potential paths a person can(More)
—We present a novel multi-camera multi-target fusion and tracking algorithm for noisy data. Information fusion is an important step towards robust multi-camera tracking and allows us to reduce the effect of projection and parallax errors as well as of the sensor noise. Input data from each camera view are projected on a top-view through multi-level(More)
The absence of a commonly adopted performance evaluation framework is hampering advances in the design of effective video trackers. In this paper, we present a single-score evaluation measure and a protocol to objectively compare trackers. The proposed measure evaluates tracking accuracy and failure, and combines them for both summative and formative(More)