Andrea Carpanetto

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Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been shown to reverse radiation damage to marrow stem cells. We have evaluated the capacity of MSC-derived extracellular vesicles (MSC-EVs) to mitigate radiation injury to marrow stem cells at 4 h to 7 days after irradiation. Significant restoration of marrow stem cell engraftment at 4, 24 and 168 h post irradiation by(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to abrogate in vitro the proinflammatory response in type 1 diabetes. The mechanism involves paracrine factors, which may include microvesicles (MVs). We evaluated whether MVs derived from heterologous bone-marrow MSCs exert an immunomodulatory effect on T cell responses against GAD (glutamic acid decarboxylase)(More)
Angiogenesis is a tightly regulated process where a number of different players are involved. Recently, a role for membrane vesicles actively released from cells has been proposed. Virtually all cell types may release non-apoptotic membrane vesicles in the nano-size range containing critical components of the cell of origin. The two main categories of these(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can exert an immunosuppressive effect on any component of the immune system, including dendritic cells (DCs), by direct contact, the release of soluble markers and extracellular vesicles (EVs). We evaluated whether MSCs and MSC-derived EVs have an immunomodulatory effect on monocyte-derived DCs in type 1 diabetes. Bone marrow(More)
Acute graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) is a serious complication after allografting. We carried out an exploratory study to investigate a potential correlation of surface antigens on extracellular vesicles (EVs) and acute GVHD. EVs were extracted from serum samples from 41 multiple myeloma patients who underwent allografting. EVs were characterized by flow(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is characterized by early dropout of capillary pericytes, leading to loss of control on endothelial proliferation and, subsequently, angiogenesis. We have demonstrated that extracellular vesicles (EV) derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) maintained in diabetic-like conditions may play a role in vessel destabilization, thus(More)
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