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Cardiovascular control acts over multiple time scales, which introduces a significant amount of complexity to heart rate and blood pressure time series. Multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis has been developed to quantify the complexity of a time series over multiple time scales. In previous studies, MSE analyses identified impaired cardiovascular control and(More)
Beside alveoli, surface active material plays an important role in the airway physiology. In the upper airways it primarily serves in local defense. Lower airway surfactant stabilizes peripheral airways, provides the transport and defense, has barrier and anti-edematous functions, and possesses direct relaxant effect on the smooth muscle. We tested in vitro(More)
Normobaric hyperoxia (NBO) is applied for treatment of various clinical conditions related to hypoxia, but it can potentially also induce generation of reactive oxygen species, causing cellular damage. In this study, we examined the effects of 60 h NBO treatment on lipid and protein oxidative damage and activity of superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in brain(More)
Normobaric oxygen (NBO) therapy is commonly applied for the treatment of various diseases, including myocardial infarctions, but its effectiveness is controversial. Potential adverse effects of hyperoxia are related to excessive formation of free radicals. In the present study we examined the effect of 60-h NBO treatment on lipid peroxidation (LPO),(More)
Inhalation of partially ionized oxygen may have less adverse effects on lung functions than medical oxygen. Guinea pigs inhaled air, 100% molecular medical oxygen (O(2)mol), partially negatively (O(2)neg) or positively (O(2)posit) ionized oxygen during 17 and 60 h. After 17 h, dityrosines, markers of oxidative injury, in lung homogenate increased in O(2)neg(More)
We aimed to study the complexity and time asymmetry of short-term heart rate variability (HRV) as an index of complex neurocardiac control in response to stress using symbolic dynamics and time irreversibility methods. ECG was recorded at rest and during and after two stressors (Stroop, arithmetic test) in 70 healthy students. Symbolic dynamics parameters(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxygen therapy is used for the treatment of various diseases, but prolonged exposure to high concentrations of O(2) is also associated with formation of free radicals and oxidative damage. METHODS In the present study we compared alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KGDH) activity and mitochondrial oxidative damage in the hearts of guinea pigs(More)
AIM To determine the efficacy of the expulsion effect of high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) on meconium clearance from the airways in comparison with conventional suctioning in adult rabbits with meconium aspiration. METHODS Experiments were carried out on tracheotomized, anaesthetized and paralysed adult rabbits. A suspension of human meconium in(More)
Local administration of corticosteroids may diminish acute lung injury associated with meconium aspiration. Budesonide was given intratracheally in 2 doses of 0.25 mg/kg each by means of inpulsion effect of high-frequency jet ventilation 0.5 and 2.5 hours after meconium instillation to oxygen-ventilated adult rabbits. Within 5 hours after the first dose,(More)
Two doses of the corticosteroid dexamethasone may alleviate meconium-induced acute lung injury more effectively than a single dose. Meconium-instilled rabbits intravenously received dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg) at one dose 0.5 hours after meconium instillation or at two doses 0.5 hours and 2.5 hours after meconium instillation or were left without treatment,(More)