Learn More
Beside alveoli, surface active material plays an important role in the airway physiology. In the upper airways it primarily serves in local defense. Lower airway surfactant stabilizes peripheral airways, provides the transport and defense, has barrier and anti-edematous functions, and possesses direct relaxant effect on the smooth muscle. We tested in vitro(More)
Normobaric hyperoxia (NBO) is applied for treatment of various clinical conditions related to hypoxia, but it can potentially also induce generation of reactive oxygen species, causing cellular damage. In this study, we examined the effects of 60 h NBO treatment on lipid and protein oxidative damage and activity of superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in brain(More)
We aimed to study the complexity and time asymmetry of short-term heart rate variability (HRV) as an index of complex neurocardiac control in response to stress using symbolic dynamics and time irreversibility methods. ECG was recorded at rest and during and after two stressors (Stroop, arithmetic test) in 70 healthy students. Symbolic dynamics parameters(More)
UNLABELLED We aimed to study heart rate time irreversibility--a nonlinear qualitative characteristics of heart rate variability indicating complexity of cardiac autonomic control at rest and in response to physiological stress (orthostasis) in never-treated major depressive disorder (MDD) adolescent female patients. METHODS We studied 20 MDD girls and 20(More)
Surfactant dysfunction in meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is caused by meconium components, by plasma proteins leaking through the injured alveolocapillary membrane and by substances originated in meconium-induced inflammation. Surfactant inactivation in MAS may be diminished by several ways. Firstly, aspirated meconium should be removed from the lungs(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxygen therapy is used for the treatment of various diseases, but prolonged exposure to high concentrations of O(2) is also associated with formation of free radicals and oxidative damage. METHODS In the present study we compared alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KGDH) activity and mitochondrial oxidative damage in the hearts of guinea pigs(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the emotion regulatory difficulties in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) are predicted to associate with impaired cardiovascular autonomic regulation, the changes of cardiac vagal regulation MDD are incompletely understood. The aim of the study was to evaluate the respiratory sinus arrhythmia (as an index of cardiac vagal(More)
The altered regulation of autonomic response to mental stress can result in increased cardiovascular risk. The laboratory tests used to simulate the autonomic responses to real-life stressors do not necessarily induce generalized sympathetic activation; therefore, the assessment of regulatory outputs to different effector organs could be important. We aimed(More)
Various anti-inflammatory drugs have been used for treatment of neonatal meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). As their adverse effects are poorly described, this study compared effects of selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3 inhibitor olprinone and non-selective PDE inhibitor aminophylline on cardiovascular parameters in animal model of MAS. Oxygen-ventilated(More)
Introduction: Time irreversibility is a characteristic feature of non-equilibrium, complex systems including cardiovascu-lar control mediated by the autonomic nervous system. Its analysis in heart rate variability (HRV) signal represents a new approach to assess cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms. Aim: The purpose of this paper was to assess the changes(More)