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The effects of ovarian steroid hormones on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons have been studied for many years. In addition to their regulation by sex steroids, GnRH neurons are affected by inputs from neurotransmitters such as glutamate, acting via the NMDA receptor (NMDAR). Moreover, the NMDAR itself is subject to estrogen regulation. Thus,(More)
W e are writing as scientists and editors of leading peer-reviewed journals that have published important contributions in the study of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). By signing this editorial, we affirm that regulatory decisions on EDCs should be made based on the best available science and expertise that involves, among others, reproductive(More)
Embryonic exposure to the endocrine disruptor vinclozolin during gonadal sex determination promotes an epigenetic reprogramming of the male germ-line that is associated with transgenerational adult onset disease states. Further analysis of this transgenerational phenotype on the brain demonstrated reproducible changes in the brain transcriptome three(More)
During development, an increase in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release occurs that is critical for the initiation of puberty. This increase is attributable, at least in part, to activation of the GnRH neurosecretory system by inputs from neurotransmitters, such as glutamate, acting via NMDA receptors. We examined changes in GnRH and NMDA-R1 gene(More)
Six million children live in poverty in America's inner cities. These children are at high risk of exposure to pesticides that are used extensively in urban schools, homes, and day-care centers for control of roaches, rats, and other vermin. The organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos and certain pyrethroids are the registered pesticides most heavily(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) mRNA by activation of glutamate receptors in the rat striatum. We observed an increase in GDNF mRNA levels in the adult rat striatum after administration of subseizure doses of N-methyl-D,L-aspartic acid (NMA) and kainic acid. Since it is unclear(More)
The ability of a species to reproduce successfully requires the careful orchestration of developmental processes during critical time points, particularly the late embryonic and early postnatal periods. This article begins with a brief presentation of the evidence for how gonadal steroid hormones exert these imprinting effects upon the morphology of(More)
Early life exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA), a component of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, alters sociosexual behavior in numerous species including humans. The present study focused on the ontogeny of these behavioral effects beginning in adolescence and assessed the underlying molecular changes in the amygdala. We also explored the mitigating(More)
Pubertal development is associated with increased activity of the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) neuronal system and rising gonadal steroid levels. The purpose of this study was to determine whether different circulating levels of testosterone affect GnRH mRNA and luteinizing hormone (LH) to the same degree prior to and following pubertal maturation.(More)