Andrea Braun-Kiewnick

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Comparative genomic analysis revealed differences in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis gene cluster between the Rubus-infecting strain ATCC BAA-2158 and the Spiraeoideae-infecting strain CFBP 1430 of Erwinia amylovora. These differences corroborate rpoB-based phylogenetic clustering of E. amylovora into four different groups and enable the(More)
Fire blight is an invasive disease caused by Erwinia amylovora that threatens pome fruit production globally. Effective implementation of phytosanitary control measures depends upon rapid, reliable pathogen detection and disease diagnosis. We developed a lateral-flow immunoassay specific for E. amylovora with a detection limit of log 5.7 CFU/ml, typical of(More)
Three open reading frames (ORFs) were identified by a genome walking strategy in the genomes of serotype M49 group A streptococcal (GAS) strains CS101 and 591. These ORFs were located between the mga core regulon and the dipeptide permease operon. The deduced amino acid (aa) sequences contained signature sequences indicative of a lipoprotein (306 aa), an(More)
ABSTRACT Strains of Pantoea agglomerans (synanamorph Erwinia herbicola) suppressed the development of basal kernel blight of barley, caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, when applied to heads prior to the Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae infection window at the soft dough stage of kernel development. Field experiments in 1994 and 1995 revealed 45(More)
Pantoea agglomerans is a cosmopolitan plant epiphytic bacterium that includes some of the most effective biological antagonists against the fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora, a major threat to pome fruit production worldwide. Strain E325 is commercially available as Bloomtime Biological™ in the USA and Canada. New quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays were(More)
RofA-like protein (RALP) type regulators have been shown to exist in different forms in group A streptococci (GAS) and to regulate the expression of important bacterial adhesins. This study shows that the vast majority of strains from different GAS M serotypes carried a rofA virulence regulator gene in their genome and that this gene could be detected in(More)
Meloidogyne enterolobii is a quarantine root-knot nematode posing a major threat to agricultural production systems worldwide. It attacks many host plants, including important agricultural crops, ornamentals, and trees. M. enterolobii is a highly virulent and pathogenic root-knot nematode species, able to reproduce on plants resistant to other Meloidogyne(More)
Rapid and reliable tools for detection and identification of plant parasitic nematodes are needed to prevent the introduction and spread of quarantine nematodes. A fast and simple DNA extraction method for target nematodes in nematode suspensions obtained from soil samples and a new quantitative real-time PCR method (qPCR) for the specific detection,(More)
Objectives This study evaluated the AID carbapenemase line probe assay (LPA) for the detection and identification of carbapenem resistance genes in Enterobacteriaceae and other Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) using bacterial cultures and DNA extracts directly from patient urine samples. Methods The AID carbapenemase LPA detects 13 different carbapenemase(More)
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