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Extracellular nucleotides, signaling through P2 receptors, may act as local regulators of bone cell function. We investigated the effects of nucleotide agonists [ATP, ADP, uridine triphosphate (UTP), and uridine diphosphate] and pyrophosphate (PPi, a key physiological inhibitor of mineralization) on the deposition and mineralization of collagenous matrix by(More)
We investigated the effect of hypoxia on rat osteoblast function in long-term primary cultures. Reduction of pO2 from 20% to 5% and 2% decreased formation of mineralized bone nodules 1.7-fold and 11-fold, respectively. When pO2 was reduced further to 0.2%, bone nodule formation was almost abolished. The inhibitory effect of hypoxia on bone formation was(More)
Controlled ATP release has been demonstrated from many neuronal and non-neuronal cell types. Once released, extracellular ATP acts on cells in a paracrine manner via purinergic receptors. Considerable evidence now suggests that extracellular nucleotides, signaling via P2 receptors, play important roles in bone homeostasis modulating both osteoblast and(More)
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