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Thirteen patients with acute myeloid leukemia, 5 with active disease, 2 in molecular relapse, and 6 in morphologic complete remission (CR; median age, 62 years; range, 53-73 years) received highly purified CD56(+)CD3(-) natural killer (NK) cells from haploidentical killer immunoglobulin-like receptor-ligand mismatched donors after(More)
PURPOSE In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), alloreactive natural killer (NK) cells are crucial mediators of immune responses after haploidentical stem cell transplantation. Allogeneic NK cell infusions have been adoptively transferred with promising clinical results. We aimed at determining whether the composition of NK graft in terms of frequency of(More)
The H-2b-negative B78HI clone (derived from B16 melanoma) was transfected with the H-2Kb gene; 4 cell clones expressing membrane H-2Kb antigens and 2 control clones (transfected with pSV2neo alone) were used for studies of metastatic ability, immunogenicity, NK sensitivity and homotypic adhesion. The experimental metastatic capacity of H-2Kb transfectants(More)
Engraftment by recipient's (R) cells has been already demonstrated in gender mismatched liver grafts using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), with contrasting results concerning epithelial cells. Mismatch for human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I (HLA-I) is quite common in patients with orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We thus aimed to assess(More)
BACKGROUND The reduction of white cells in blood components before transfusion by filters with at least 3 log10 depletion may prevent adverse transfusion reactions such as HLA alloimmunization, febrile reactions, transmitted infections, and immunomodulation. A new generation of filters with 4 log10 depletion is now available. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The(More)
The hypothesis was tested that amino acid substitutions in specific positions within human leukocyte antigen class I heavy chain would have different impacts on transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients receiving transplanted bone marrow from unrelated donors. One hundred patients and their unrelated donors were typed by sequence-based typing for the(More)
The importance of HLA-DPB1 matching for the outcome of allogeneic hematologic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is controversial. We have previously identified HLA-DPB1*0901 as a target of cytotoxic T cells mediating in vivo rejection of an HSC allograft. Here we show that HLA-DPB1*0901 encodes a T-cell epitope shared by a subset of DPB1 alleles that(More)
To potentiate the response of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) cytotoxicity, we have examined the efficacy of a combination with perifosine, a novel phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling inhibitor. The rationale for using such a combination is that perifosine was recently(More)
The effects of recombinant tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) on B16 mouse melanoma experimental metastatic ability and major histocompatibility complex (H-2b) antigens expression were studied. B16 cells exposed in vitro to TNF-alpha had an increased H-2 expression and were more metastatic than untreated cells. The(More)
Three monoclonal antibodies (MoAb), named 8A, 8F6 and 62B1, reacting with plasma cell-associated antigens, were characterized. 8A was found to be positive throughout the B cell lineage maturation steps from the immature B-committed CD10+ cell to the plasma cells. 8F6 and 62B1 reactivity is restricted to more mature cells and related lymphoid malignancies.(More)