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Thirteen patients with acute myeloid leukemia, 5 with active disease, 2 in molecular relapse, and 6 in morphologic complete remission (CR; median age, 62 years; range, 53-73 years) received highly purified CD56(+)CD3(-) natural killer (NK) cells from haploidentical killer immunoglobulin-like receptor-ligand mismatched donors after(More)
The H-2b-negative B78HI clone (derived from B16 melanoma) was transfected with the H-2Kb gene; 4 cell clones expressing membrane H-2Kb antigens and 2 control clones (transfected with pSV2neo alone) were used for studies of metastatic ability, immunogenicity, NK sensitivity and homotypic adhesion. The experimental metastatic capacity of H-2Kb transfectants(More)
The effects of recombinant tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) on B16 mouse melanoma experimental metastatic ability and major histocompatibility complex (H-2b) antigens expression were studied. B16 cells exposed in vitro to TNF-alpha had an increased H-2 expression and were more metastatic than untreated cells. The(More)
The hypothesis was tested that amino acid substitutions in specific positions within human leukocyte antigen class I heavy chain would have different impacts on transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients receiving transplanted bone marrow from unrelated donors. One hundred patients and their unrelated donors were typed by sequence-based typing for the(More)
The importance of HLA-DPB1 matching for the outcome of allogeneic hematologic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is controversial. We have previously identified HLA-DPB1*0901 as a target of cytotoxic T cells mediating in vivo rejection of an HSC allograft. Here we show that HLA-DPB1*0901 encodes a T-cell epitope shared by a subset of DPB1 alleles that(More)
To potentiate the response of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) cytotoxicity, we have examined the efficacy of a combination with perifosine, a novel phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling inhibitor. The rationale for using such a combination is that perifosine was recently(More)
BACKGROUND Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are a family of inhibitory and activatory receptors that are expressed by most natural killer (NK) cells. The KIR gene family is polymorphic: genomic diversity is achieved through differences in gene content and allelic polymorphism. The number of KIR loci has been reported to vary among(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is an important therapeutic option for HBV-related end-stage-liver disease, yet it is often hampered by a scarcity of organ availability. One option to increase organ availability is the use of virologically compromised organs from HBV-infected donors. Transplantation of anti-HBcore positive grafts has(More)
BACKGROUND Thalassemia major can be cured with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Persistent mixed chimerism develops in around 10% of transplanted thalassemic patients, but the biological mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are poorly understood. DESIGN AND METHODS The presence of interleukin-10-producing T cells in the peripheral(More)
SUMMARY Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) treatment prevents graft failure and results in a low incidence of GVHD, but an increased risk of relapse could be expected as a consequence of reduced GVHD. From September 1995 to June 2001, 28 consecutive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients underwent unrelated bone marrow transplants: 21 were in chronic phase (CP)(More)