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We investigated the mechanism of neuronal nerve growth factor (NGF) release with regard to the potential function of NGF as a mediator of neuronal plasticity in the CNS. The analysis was performed in hippocampal slices and in primary cultures of hippocampal neurons, transiently transfected with an NGF cDNA construct to increase the level of NGF expression.(More)
The neurotrophins exhibit neurotrophic effects on specific, partially overlapping populations of neurons both in the peripheral and the central nervous system (CNS). In the periphery, they are synthesized by a variety of nonneuronal cells, and their synthesis seems to be independent of the neuronal input. In contrast, in the CNS all neurotrophins are(More)
In the rat hippocampus, nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are synthesized by neurons in an activity-dependent manner. Glutamate receptor activation increases whereas GABAergic stimulation decreases NGF and BDNF mRNA levels. Here we demonstrate that NGF and BDNF mRNA and NGF protein are up-regulated in the rat hippocampus(More)
Part of Special Issue " Multidisciplinary approaches in natural hazard and risk assessment " Abstract. Landslide risks are frequently underestimated by political and economic actors as well as by the local population. The InterRisk Assess research project is working to develop a systematic approach to the analysis and evaluation of economic landslide risks(More)
The characteristics of the constitutive and activity-mediated secretion of NGF from native hippocampal slices are the same as those from hippocampal cultures transfected with an NGF-overexpressing plasmid (Blöchl and Thoenen, 1995). In these cultures, the distribution of intracellular NGF immunoreactivity-including the co-localization with endoplasmic(More)
Asymmetric photic stimulation during embryonic or post-hatch development induces a functional lateralization of the pigeon's visual system, which is accompanied by left-right differences in tectal cell sizes. The intracellular membrane-anchored GTPase Ras can be activated by a number of upstream mechanisms including binding of brain-derived neurotrophic(More)
We analyzed the short term effect of neurotrophins on mesencephalic neuronal cultures of embryonic (E14) rats with respect to which receptors mediate the actions. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) or neurotrophin-3 enhanced within minutes in a dose-dependent manner (2, 20, 100 ng/ml for 5 min) depolarization-induced (KCl, 30 mM 5 min) and basal(More)
The neurotrophin receptor p75 induces neurotrophic and/or apoptotic signalling pathways and can also cooperate with the neurotrophic Trk receptor tyrosine kinases. Its intracellular part encloses a so-called 'death domain' with a segment similar to the wasp venom mastoparan which binds small GTPases such as Rho. To study possible interactions of p75 and Ras(More)
Aggregated beta-amyloid (Abeta) binds to the neurotrophin receptor p75 and induces signaling. We examined this signaling process in different cell lines which express p75 either naturally (Schwannoma RN22 cells) or which are stably transfected with wild-type p75 (MDCKwt and PCNA cells) or with a truncated form of p75 comprising only extracellular and(More)