Andrea Bedini

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The majority of effects of cannabinoids are mediated by the two receptors CB1 and CB2. In addition to neuronal cells, CB1 receptors are expressed in T lymphocytes, in which they are involved in cannabinoid-induced T helper cell biasing. Although basally expressed only weakly in T cells, CB1 receptors are up-regulated in these cells by stimuli such as(More)
Opiates function as immunomodulators, partly by their effects on T cells. Opioids act via mu-, delta-, and kappa-opioid receptors, among which the mu-type is of particular interest, because morphine-like opioids preferentially bind to it. Here we report that mu-opioid receptor mRNA was induced after CD3/28-mediated activation of primary human T lymphocytes(More)
Endogenous and exogenous opiates are currently considered the drugs of choice for treating different kinds of pain. However, their prolonged use produces several adverse symptoms, and in addition, many forms of pain are resistant to any kind of therapy. Therefore, the discovery of compounds active towards mu-opioid receptors (MORs) by alternative(More)
Herein we propose the D-Trp-Phe sequence within an inverse type II β-turn as a new kind of pharmacophoric motif for μ-opioid receptor (MOR) cyclopeptide agonists. Initially, we observed that c[Tyr-D-Pro-D-Trp-Phe-Gly] (4), an analogue of endomorphin-1 (H-Tyr-Pro-Trp-Phe-NH₂) lacking the crucial protonatable amino group of Tyr 1, is a MOR agonist with 10⁻⁸ M(More)
Recent evidence highlighted the role of alpha(5)beta(1) integrin in angiogenesis and in regulating alpha(v)beta(3) integrin function. As a consequence, selective alpha(5)beta(1) integrin inhibitors or dual alpha(5)beta(1)/alpha(v)beta(3) integrin inhibitors are considered promising candidates for the development of cancer therapeutic agents. In this paper,(More)
The synthesis, characterization, and functional in vitro assays in cardiac tissues and smooth muscle (vascular and nonvascular) of a number of 4-imidazo[2,1- b]thiazole-1,4-dihydropyridines are reported. The binding properties for the novel compounds have been investigated and the interaction with the binding site common to other aryl-dihydropyridines has(More)
The noncationizable tripeptide Ac-D-Trp-Phe-GlyNH2 was recently proposed as a novel minimal recognition motif for μ-opioid receptor. The introduction of different substituents (methyl, halogens, nitro, etc.) at the indole of D-Trp significantly influenced receptor affinities and resulted in serum stability and in a measurable effect on central(More)
Recently, we described cyclopeptide opioid agonists containing the d-Trp-Phe sequence. To expand the scope of this atypical pharmacophore, we tested the activity profiles of the linear peptides Ac-Xaa-Phe-Yaa (Xaa = l/d-Trp, d-His/Lys/Arg; Yaa = H, GlyNH(2)). Ac-d-Trp-PheNH(2) appeared to be the minimal binding sequence, while Ac-d-Trp-Phe-GlyNH(2) emerged(More)
We previously described a novel cyclic endomorphin-1 analog c[Tyr-D-Pro-D-Trp-Phe-Gly] (c[YpwFG]), acting as a mu-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist. This study reports that c[YpwFG] is more lipophilic and resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis than endomorphin-1 and produces preemptive antinociception in a mouse visceral pain model when injected intraperitoneally(More)
The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of repeated episodes of angina and induced myocardial ischemia on plasma nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) levels. Patients with unstable angina (23 with new onset severe angina or accelerated angina and 18 with subacute angina at rest) who had had repeated spontaneous episodes of chest pain in the last week(More)