Andrea Barbuti

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Cardiac pacemaking generation and modulation rely on the coordinated activity of several processes. Although a wealth of evidence indicates a relevant role of the I(f) ("funny," or pacemaker) current, whose molecular constituents are the hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels and particularly HCN4, work with mice where Hcn genes(More)
Ventricular pacemaker current (I(f)) shows distinct voltage dependence as a function of age, activating outside the physiological range in normal adult ventricle, but less negatively in neonatal ventricle. However, heterologously expressed HCN2 and HCN4, the putative molecular correlates of ventricular I(f), exhibit only a modest difference in activation(More)
Different cardiac stem/progenitor cells have been recently identified in the post-natal heart. We describe here the identification, clonal expansion and characterization of self-renewing progenitors that differ from those previously described for high spontaneous cardiac differentiation. Unique coexpression of endothelial and pericyte markers identify these(More)
AIMS Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cell (BMStC) transplantation into the infarcted heart improves left ventricular function and cardiac remodelling. However, it has been suggested that tissue-specific cells may be better for cardiac repair than cells from other sources. The objective of the present work has been the comparison of in vitro and in vivo(More)
1. The effect of the antiarrhythmic drug dronedarone on the Acetylcholine-activated K(+) current (I(K(ACh))) was investigated in single cells isolated from sinoatrial node (SAN) tissue of rabbit hearts. 2. Externally perfused dronedarone (0.001 - 1 microM) caused a potent, voltage independent block of I(K(ACh)). Fitting of the dose response curve of(More)
Activation of the platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor leads to a decrease in outward current in murine ventricular myocytes by inhibiting the TASK-1 channel. TASK-1 carries a background or "leak" current and is a member of the two-pore domain potassium channel family. Its inhibition is sufficient to delay repolarization, causing prolongation of the(More)
Pacemaker channels are encoded by the HCN gene family and are responsible for a variety of cellular functions including control of spontaneous activity in cardiac myocytes and control of excitability in different types of neurons. Some of these functions require specific membrane localization. Although several voltage-gated channels are known to interact(More)
Lipid rafts are discrete membrane subdomains rich in sphingolipids and cholesterol. In ventricular myocytes a function of caveolae, a type of lipid rafts, is to concentrate in close proximity several proteins of the beta-adrenergic transduction pathway. We have investigated the subcellular localization of HCN4 channels expressed in HEK cells and studied the(More)
Human cDNA coding for the hyperpolarization-activated "pacemaker" channel HCN2 was expressed in Phoenix cells and yielded an inward current (I hHCN2) activated on hyperpolarization. The average I hHCN2 was half-activated at –83.1 mV and its kinetics could be described by second-order Hodgkin–Huxley gating. The time constant curve was bell-shaped and peaked(More)
Several studies of the pacemaker mechanisms in mammalian cells, most of which were carried out in cells isolated from the rabbit sinoatrial node (SAN), have highlighted the role of the I(f) current. While the distribution of Hyperpolarization-activated Cyclic Nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels, the molecular correlates of f-channels, is known at the mRNA(More)