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Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive inherited defect of the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GluCerase) that leads to glucosylceramide (GluCer) accumulation. We previously demonstrated the existence of imbalances in certain lymphocyte populations in GD patients. We now show that GluCerase-deficient monocytes from GD patients or monocytes from(More)
The main clinical features of two siblings from a consanguineous marriage were progressive myoclonic epilepsy without intellectual impairment and a nephrotic syndrome with a strong accumulation of C1q in capillary loops and mesangium of kidney. The biochemical analysis of one of the patients revealed a normal beta-glucocerebrosidase activity in leukocytes,(More)
Inherited ataxias are heterogeneous disorders affecting both children and adults, with over 40 different causative genes, making molecular genetic diagnosis challenging. Although recent advances in next-generation sequencing have significantly improved mutation detection, few treatments exist for patients with inherited ataxia. In two patients with(More)
Lysosomal integral membrane protein-2 (LIMP2) mediates trafficking of glucocerebrosidase (GBA) to lysosomes. Deficiency of LIMP2 causes action myoclonus-renal failure syndrome (AMRF). LIMP2-deficient fibroblasts virtually lack GBA like the cells of patients with Gaucher disease (GD), a lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the GBA gene. While GD(More)
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLO) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterised by craniofacial dysmorphism, mental retardation, multiple congenital anomalies, and increased levels of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC) in body tissues and fluids. SLO is caused by mutations in the DHCR7 gene which encodes 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase, the last enzyme of(More)
Action myoclonus-renal failure syndrome (AMRF) is considered a rare form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME) associated with renal failure. A mutation on the gene encoding the lysosomal integral membrane protein type 2-LIMP-2 (SCARB2), the receptor responsible for targeting glucocerebrosidase to the lysosomes, was recently described, allowing a better(More)
Ataxia oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in APTX, which encodes the DNA strand-break repair protein aprataxin (APTX). CoQ10 deficiency has been identified in fibroblasts and muscle of AOA1 patients carrying the common W279X mutation, and aprataxin has been localized to mitochondria in neuroblastoma cells,(More)
Gaucher disease (GD) is associated with upregulation of CD1d and MHC-class II expression by monocytes. While the physiological impact of CD1d upregulation remains uncertain, it has been proposed that MHC-class II upregulation is associated with inflammation. Hereby, we show that the decrease in MHC-class II expression seen in GD patients under therapy(More)
In the last decades, nine inherited errors of the distal part of cholesterol biosynthesis have been recognized. Affected patients present complex malformation syndromes involving different organs and systems with variable degrees of severity. We report on the phenotype evolution of three patients with enzymatic defects at three distinct steps of such(More)