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Many human tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) have recently been identified and molecularly characterized. When bound to major histocompatibility complex molecules, TAA peptides are recognized by T cells. Clinical studies have therefore been initiated to assess the therapeutic potential of active immunization or vaccination with TAA peptides in patients with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate safety and activity of perifosine and sorafenib combination therapy in patients with lymphoproliferative diseases. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with relapsed and refractory lymphoproliferative diseases received perifosine (50 mg twice daily) for 1 month. Patients achieving less than partial response (PR) after perifosine alone were(More)
The role of endogenous NO on cell survival was investigated in human melanoma cells and melanocytes. Inducible NO synthase (iNOS) was always expressed in a panel of melanoma cell lines from metastatic lesions and in normal adult melanocytes. iNOS was also detected by immunohis-tochemistry in melanoma cells from metastases. Release of NO by tumor cells and(More)
Activation of CTL-mediated antitumor immunity to self-epitopes expressed by neoplastic cells is thought to be prevented, at any stage of tumor progression, by tolerance mechanisms. In contrast, in 74 American Joint Committee on Cancer stages I-IV melanoma patients, we found that development of lymph node metastases is a key event triggering CD8(+)(More)
CD8(+) T cells at the earliest stage of effector generation have not been identified at tumor site of melanoma patients. Such early effectors, if present, should be characterized by a specific phenotype, distinct from that expressed at later stages of the antigen-induced differentiation program, by short-lived effector cells, memory precursors, and terminal(More)
PURPOSE To assess the clinical and biological activity of the association of bevacizumab and fotemustine as first-line treatment in advanced melanoma patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Previously untreated, metastatic melanoma patients (n = 20) received bevacizumab (at 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks) and fotemustine (100 mg/m² by intravenous administration on days 1,(More)
It is not known if immune response to T cell-defined human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I-restricted melanoma antigens leads to an expanded peripheral pool of T cells in all patients, affects cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) generation, and correlates with anti-tumor response in metastatic lesions. To this end, a limiting dilution analysis(More)
BACKGROUND XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein) is an anti-apoptotic protein exerting its activity by binding and suppressing caspases. As XIAP is overexpressed in several tumours, in which it apparently contributes to chemoresistance, and because its activity in vivo is antagonised by second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (SMAC)/direct(More)
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a receptor tyrosine kinase predominantly expressed in the developing nervous system. Recently, mutated ALK has been identified as a major oncogene associated with familial and sporadic neuroblastomas (NBL). Yet, a direct correlation between endogenous expression level of the ALK protein, oncogenic potential, and clinical(More)
Activating mutations in BRAF and NRAS oncogenes in human melanomas are mutually exclusive. This finding has suggested an epistatic relationship but is consistent even with synthetic lethality. To evaluate the latter possibility, a mutated NRAS Q61R oncogene was expressed, under a constitutive or a doxycycline-regulated promoter, in a metastatic melanoma(More)