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Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a heterodimeric protein, first recovered from EBV-transformed B cell lines. It is a multifunctional cytokine, the properties of which bridge innate and adaptive immunity, acting as a key regulator of cell-mediated immune responses through the induction of T helper 1 differentiation. By promoting IFN-g production, proliferation, and(More)
Because changes in the expression level of antigen-processing machinery (APM) components and HLA class I and II antigens in melanoma cells are expected to affect their interactions with the immune system of the host, we assessed the clinical relevance of quantitative variations in the expression of these molecules in melanoma lesions. Short-term (<10 in(More)
Many human tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) have recently been identified and molecularly characterized. When bound to major histocompatibility complex molecules, TAA peptides are recognized by T cells. Clinical studies have therefore been initiated to assess the therapeutic potential of active immunization or vaccination with TAA peptides in patients with(More)
In this study, we investigated whether maturation of monocyte-derived myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) is differentially affected by the uptake of dying human melanoma cells in distinct phases of apoptosis. Maturation of monocyte-derived DCs, as documented by phenotype analysis and T-cell immunostimulatory activity, was inhibited by phagocytosis of dying(More)
CTL clones isolated from PBL or from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) of a melanoma patient (pt665) were screened for specificity on a panel including autologous tumor cells from two distinct metastases (Me665/1, Me665/2), autologous EBV-transformed B cells and 15 allogeneic cell lines of different histology. Each clone displayed a peculiar cytolytic(More)
In this study we tested the hypothesis that loss of T cell signaling molecules in metastatic melanoma patients' T cells may affect differently T cell subsets characterized by distinct TCR variable regions. By a two-color immunofluorescence technique, expression of zeta-chain, lck, and ZAP-70 was evaluated in CD3+ T cells and in three representative T cell(More)
Expression of alpha and beta subunits of VLA and VNR integrins was analyzed by cytofluorimetric analysis on 6 different human primary and metastatic melanoma cell cultures. Marked inter-tumor heterogeneity was observed, and expression of VLA-alpha I, VLA-alpha 2 and VLA-alpha 6 was lower on primary melanomas than on metastatic lesions. The function of VLA(More)
HLA-A2-restricted, CD3+, CD8+, alpha/beta+ cytotoxic T cell (CTL) clones were isolated from peripheral blood (PBL) or tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) of two HLA-A2+ melanoma patients (9742 and 5810), to evaluate the possible recognition of autologous melanoma and of allogeneic HLA-A2-matched normal melanocytes. These CTL clones lysed not only fresh and(More)
Axl, a member of the TAM (Tyro3, Axl, Mer) family of receptor tyrosine kinases, displays an increasingly important role in carcinogenesis. Analysis of 58 cutaneous melanoma lines indicated that Axl was expressed in 38% of them, with significant overrepresentation in NRAS- compared with BRAF-mutated tumors. Axl activation could be induced by autocrine(More)
Differentiation of CD8(+) T cells at the tumor site toward effector and memory stages may represent a key step for the efficacy of antitumor response developing naturally or induced through immunotherapy. To address this issue, CD8(+) T lymphocytes from tumor-invaded (n = 142) and tumor-free (n = 42) lymph nodes removed from the same nodal basin of melanoma(More)