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This study evaluated differences in sexual behavior and risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) who met their partners on-line and those who did not. A self-administered questionnaire on sexual behavior was offered to a convenience sample of patients seeking public STD services. Thirty-two percent of MSM patients(More)
We conducted a respondent driven sampling survey to estimate HIV prevalence and risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Unguja, Zanzibar. Men aged ≥ 15 years living in Unguja and reporting anal sex with another man in the past 3 months were asked to complete a questionnaire and provide specimens for biologic testing. HIV prevalence was 12.3%(More)
BACKGROUND Rectal gonorrhea in men has been increasing in San Francisco since 1995. GOAL The goal was to determine behavioral risk factors associated with rectal gonorrhea (RGC) among men who have sex with men (MSM) by HIV serostatus. STUDY DESIGN All men reporting receptive anal sex in the last 6 months are screened for RGC, regardless of reported(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced HIV surveillance using demographic, behavioral, and biologic data from national surveys can provide information to evaluate and respond to HIV epidemics efficiently. METHODS From October 2012 to February 2013, we conducted a 2-stage cluster sampling survey of persons aged 18 months to 64 years in 9 geographic regions in Kenya.(More)
OBJECTIVES Size estimates of populations at higher risk for HIV infection are needed to help policy makers understand the scope of the epidemic and allocate appropriate resources. Population size estimates of men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers(FSW) and intravenous drug users (IDU) are few or non-existent in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS We(More)
AIDS Indicator Surveys are standardized surveillance tools used by countries with generalized HIV epidemics to provide, in a timely fashion, indicators for effective monitoring of HIV. Such data should guide responses to the HIV epidemic, meet program reporting requirements, and ensure comparability of findings across countries and over time. Kenya has(More)
BACKGROUND The Kenyan Ministry of Health initiated a voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program in 2008. We used data from 2 nationally representative surveys to estimate trends in the number, demographic characteristics, and sexual behaviors of recently circumcised and uncircumcised HIV-uninfected men in Kenya. METHODS We compared the proportion(More)
BACKGROUND Populations with higher risks for HIV exposure contribute to the HIV epidemic in Kenya. We present data from the second Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey to estimate the size and HIV prevalence of populations with high-risk characteristics. METHODS The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2012 was a national survey of Kenyans aged 18 months to 64 years which(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify factors associated with prevalent HIV in a national HIV survey in Kenya. METHODS The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey was a nationally representative population-based sero-survey that examined demographic and behavioral factors and serologic testing for HIV, HSV-2 and syphilis in adults aged 15-64 years. We analyzed questionnaire and(More)
We conducted a reproductive health assessment among women aged 15-49 years residing in an internally displaced persons (IDP) camp and surrounding river populations in the Democratic Republic of Congo. After providing informed consent, participants were administered a behavioral questionnaire on demographics, sexual risk, reproductive health behavior, and a(More)