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The response of cardiomyocytes to biomechanical stress can determine the pathophysiology of hypertrophic cardiac disease, and targeting the pathways regulating these responses is a therapeutic goal. However, little is known about how biomechanical stress is sensed by the cardiomyocyte sarcomere to transduce intracellular hypertrophic signals or how the(More)
Impaired glucose uptake is associated with both cardiac hypertrophy and contractile dysfunction, but whether there are common underlying mechanisms linking these conditions is yet to be determined. Using a 'gene dose' Cre-Lox GLUT4-deficient murine model, we examined the effect of suppressed glucose availability on global myocardial gene expression and(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has been shown to participate in the cardiovascular response mediated by the sympathetic system. In this report, we investigate the growth factor properties of NPY on cardiac myocytes. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are key signaling molecules in the transduction of trophic signals. Therefore, the role of NPY in inducing MAPK(More)
We have demonstrated previously that deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)/salt induces cardiac hypertrophy and left ventricular dysfunction independent of blood pressure (BP) in 1-renin gene mice. Because these mice also develop hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis caused by mineralocorticoid excess, we investigated whether correcting hypokalemia by dietary(More)
There is clinical evidence to suggest that impaired myocardial glucose uptake contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertrophic, insulin-resistant cardiomyopathy. The goal of this study was to determine whether cardiac deficiency of the insulin-sensitive glucose transporter, GLUT4, has deleterious effect on cardiomyocyte excitation-contraction coupling.(More)
In the damaged heart, cardiac adaptation relies primarily on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The recent discovery of cardiac stem cells in the postnatal heart, however, suggests that these cells could participate in the response to stress via their capacity to regenerate cardiac tissues. Using models of cardiac hypertrophy and failure, we demonstrate that(More)
The cardiac sodium channel Na(v)1.5 plays a key role in cardiac excitability and conduction. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role of the PDZ domain-binding motif formed by the last three residues (Ser-Ile-Val) of the Na(v)1.5 C-terminus. Pull-down experiments were performed using Na(v)1.5 C-terminus fusion proteins and human or mouse heart(More)
1. Myocardial infarction (MI) poses a significant risk for sudden cardiac death. The effectiveness of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and AT1 receptor blockade in attenuating unfavourable post-MI outcomes indicates an important role for angiotensin (Ang) II signalling in the post-MI remodelling process. 2. AT1 and AT2 receptor expression is(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolic and structural consequences of a decrease in glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4) levels on the heart. The CreLoxP system was utilised to delete GLUT4 in muscle tIssue including heart. The presence of the PGK-neoR cassette in the GLUT4-Lox mice resulted in reduced expression in all tIssues to levels 15-30% of(More)
The transcriptome is subject to multiple changes during pathogenesis, including the use of alternate 5' start-sites that can affect transcription levels and output. Current RNA sequencing techniques can assess mRNA levels, but do not robustly detect changes in 5' start-site use. Here, we developed a transcriptome sequencing strategy that detects genome-wide(More)