Andre P. Seale

Learn More
We identified and investigated the changes in expression of two gill Na(+), K(+)-ATPase α-subunit isoforms (α-1a and α-1b) in relationship with salinity acclimation in a cichlid fish, Mozambique tilapia. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated fish to seawater (SW) resulted in a marked reduction in α-1a expression within 24 h and a significant increase in(More)
In most teleost fishes, prolactin (PRL) plays a key role in freshwater (FW) adaptation, whereas growth hormone (GH) is involved in seawater (SW) adaptation in salmonids and certain euryhaline species including the tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. Consistent with its osmoregulatory activity, PRL release increases in response to physiologically relevant(More)
In the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus), as in many teleosts, prolactin (PRL) plays a major role in osmoregulation in freshwater. Recently, PRL-releasing peptides (PrRPs) have been characterized in mammals. Independently, a novel C-terminal RF (arginine-phenylalanine) amide peptide (Carrasius RF amide; C-RFa), which is structurally related to mammalian(More)
Osmoregulation is essential to life in vertebrates and osmoreception is a fundamental element in osmoregulation. Progress in characterizing the mechanisms that mediate osmoreception has been made possible by using a uniquely accessible cell model, the prolactin (PRL) cell of the euryhaline tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. In addition to a brief historical(More)
Cortisol was previously shown to rapidly (10-20 min) reduce the release of prolactin (PRL) from pituitary glands of tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). This inhibition of PRL release by cortisol is accompanied by rapid reductions in (45)Ca(2+) and cAMP accumulation. Cortisol's early actions occur through a protein synthesis-independent pathway and are(More)
Seale, A. P., N. H. Richman III, T. Hirano, I. Cooke, and E. G. Grau. Cell volume increase and extracellular Ca2 are needed for hyposmotically induced prolactin release in tilapia. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 284: C1280–C1289, 2003.. First published January 22, 2003; 10.1152/ajpcell. 00531.2002.—In the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus), as in many euryhaline(More)
Prolactin (PRL) plays a central role in the freshwater osmoregulation of teleost fish, including the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Consistent with this action, PRL release from the tilapia pituitary increases as extracellular osmolality is reduced both in vitro and in vivo. Dispersed tilapia PRL cells were incubated in a perfusion chamber that allowed(More)
Prolactin (PRL) plays a central role in freshwater (FW) adaptation in teleost fish. Evidence now suggests that growth hormone (GH) acts in the seawater (SW) adaptation in at least some euryhaline fish. Reflecting its important role in FW adaptation, plasma levels of PRL(188) and PRL(177) are higher in tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) adapted to FW than in(More)
Prolactin (PRL) cells of the euryhaline Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, are osmoreceptors. Hyposmotically-induced PRL release is mediated by the inward movement of extracellular Ca(2+) through a stretch-activated Ca(2+) channel, which has been recently identified as the transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4). In the present study,(More)
This study investigated endocrine control of branchial ionoregulatory function in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by prolactin (Prl188 and Prl177), growth hormone (Gh) and cortisol. Branchial expression of Na+/Cl− cotransporter (ncc) and Na+/K+/2Cl− cotransporter (nkcc) genes were employed as specific markers for freshwater- and seawater-type(More)