Andre P. Oliveira

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BACKGROUND Intrathecal neostigmine causes analgesia by inhibiting the breakdown of acetylcholine. Experimental data suggest that the production of endogenous nitric oxide is necessary for tonic cholinergic inhibition of spinal pain transmission. The purpose of this study was to determine whether association of transdermal nitroglycerine would enhance(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine whether combination of transdermal nitroglycerine (a nitric oxide generator) would enhance analgesia from epidural S(+)-ketamine (a N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist) in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery with combined spinal anesthesia. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind study. SETTING Orthopedic surgery unit of a teaching(More)
BACKGROUND Extremely drug-resistant gram-negative bacilli (XDR-GNB) increasingly cause health care-associated infections (HAIs) in intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS A matched case-control (1:2) study was conducted from February 2007 to January 2010 in 16 ICUs. Case and control subjects had HAIs caused by GNB susceptible to ≤1 antibiotic versus ≥2(More)
BACKGROUND Whereas structural abnormalities in the cerebellum have been associated with essential tremor (ET), the contribution of vascular disease via white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and strokes has not been examined. In this study, we have explored these potential associations and hypothesized that ET would be associated with greater overall WMH(More)
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