Andre Olivier

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Both the amygdala and the hippocampus are involved in the pathogenesis of a number of neurologic conditions, including temporal lobe epilepsy, postanoxic amnesia, and Alzheimer's disease. To enhance the investigation and management of patients with these disorders, we developed a protocol to measure the volumes of the amygdala and as much of the hippocampus(More)
Discrete high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) in the range of 100-500 Hz have previously been recorded in human epileptic brains using depth microelectrodes. We describe for the first time similar oscillations in a cohort of unselected focal epileptic patients implanted with EEG macroelectrodes. Spectral analysis and visual inspection techniques were used to(More)
Cortical dysplastic lesions (CDyLs) are often associated with severe partial epilepsies. We describe the electrographic counterpart of this high degree of epileptogenicity, manifested by continuous or frequent rhythmic epileptogenic discharges recorded directly from CDyLs during intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG). These ictal or continuous(More)
Experiential phenomena occurring in spontaneous seizures or evoked by brain stimulation were reported by 18 of 29 patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy who were investigated with chronic, stereotaxically implanted intracerebral electrodes. The phenomena mainly consisted of perceptual (visual or auditory) hallucinations or illusions,(More)
We performed MRI volumetric measurements of the amygdala (AM), the hippocampal formation (HF), and the anterior temporal lobe in a group of 30 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and in seven patients with extratemporal lobe foci. Measurements were analyzed with a semiautomated software program and the results compared with those of(More)
High frequency oscillations (HFOs) called ripples (80-250 Hz) and fast ripples (FR, 250-500 Hz) can be recorded from intracerebral EEG macroelectrodes in patients with intractable epilepsy. HFOs occur predominantly in the seizure onset zone (SOZ) but their relationship to the underlying pathology is unknown. It was the aim of this study to investigate(More)
Extracellular field potentials and [K+]o were recorded in slices of human epileptogenic neocortex maintained in vitro during perfusion with Mg(2+)-free artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF). The human neocortex was obtained during neurosurgical procedures for the relief of seizures that were resistant to medical treatment. Spontaneous epileptiform activity(More)
We studied 30 patients with partial epilepsy and a radiological or pathological diagnosis of localized neuronal migration disorders, with a view to surgical treatment. Eight patients had identifiable prenatal etiological factors. The frequency of complex partial, partial motor, and secondarily generalized seizures was approximately 70% each. Drop attacks(More)
1. Neocortical slices of the first and second temporal gyrus and frontal lobe, removed in human epileptic patients for the relief of intractable seizures, were maintained in vitro at 35 +/- 1 degrees C. Electrophysiological properties of neurons in the deep layers (1,800-2,600 micron below the pial surface) were studied with conventional intracellular(More)
We performed MRI volumetric measurements of the amygdala (AM) and hippocampal formation (HF) in a group of 43 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy not controlled by optimal drug treatment. Fifteen patients (35%) had a history of prolonged febrile convulsions (PFC) in early childhood; 30 patients underwent surgery, and histopathology was available in(More)