Andre Garcia

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Individuals living in malaria endemic areas generally harbour multiple parasite strains. Multiplicity of infection (MOI) can be an indicator of immune status. However, whether this is good or bad for the development of immunity to malaria, is still a matter of debate. This study aimed to examine the MOI in asymptomatic children between two and ten years of(More)
BACKGROUND Antibodies, particularly cytophilic IgG subclasses, with specificity for asexual blood stage antigens of Plasmodium falciparum, are thought to play an important role in acquired immunity to malaria. Evaluating such responses in longitudinal sero-epidemiological field studies, allied to increasing knowledge of the immunological mechanisms(More)
In human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), two disease stages are defined: the first, or haemo-lymphatic stage, and the second, or meningo-encephalitic stage. Stage determination forms the basis of therapeutic decision and is of prime importance, as the drug used to cure second-stage patients has considerable side-effects. However, the tests currently used for(More)
There is accumulating evidence for the involvement of genetic factors in the human response to malaria infection, mostly based on results obtained in studies of severe clinical malaria. The role of major gene(s) controlling blood parasitemia levels in human malaria has also been detected by means of segregation analysis. To confirm and to localize such(More)
The serological and parasitological tests used for Trypanosoma brucei gambiense human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) diagnosis have low specificity and sensitivity, respectively, and in the field, control program teams are faced with subjects with positive serology but negative parasitology who remain untreated. The aim of this work was to explore, using PCR(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have shown that the risk of malaria infection increases for children born to a mother with placental malaria infection. An immune tolerance phenomenon has been hypothesized. We addressed whether Plasmodium falciparum placental infection could additionally be associated with the risk of nonmalaria fevers in infants. METHODS From(More)
The HLA-G (human leukocyte antigen-G) molecule plays a pivotal role in immune tolerance by inhibiting different cell subsets involved in both innate and adaptive immunity. Besides its primary function in maintaining the maternal-fetal tolerance, HLA-G has been involved in a wide range of pathological conditions where it can be either favorable or(More)
During a medical survey the sleeping sickness focus in Bonon, Ivory Coast, PCR with Trypanosoma brucei specific primers (TBR 1-2 from Parasitology 99 (1989) 57) was tested on DNA derived from blood samples. DNA purification using a chelating resin was performed either on whole blood or on the buffy coat prepared in two different ways. The preparation based(More)
BACKGROUND In areas of seasonal malaria transmission, long-term asymptomatic carriage of Plasmodium falciparum throughout the dry season has been primarily studied in terms of the parasites, and the clinical consequences of persistent parasite carriage are unknown. METHODS A prospective study was conducted in Senegal, from 2001 through 2003 among 1356(More)